Gay Bulgaria

Intro: Like many other eastern European countries, Bulgaria is in the throes of changing from a dim Soviet satellite to a free thinking-free enterprise nation of progress. Included in this shift are new laws protecting homosexuals. A drive through the countryside and some talks with LGBT folks in Sofia provided many images and insights into the old and new ways of modern Bulgaria.

The Gay Side of Sofia

Since Bulgaria joined the European Union in 2007, it has had to comply with EU human rights standards such as the ban on all forms of negative discrimination, including on the basis of sexual orientation. In fact, since 2003, when the country began negotiations with the EU, it has made tremendous efforts to align its legislation regarding sexual minorities to the European norms and standards. However, non-discrimination is still a far cry from equal rights, and at the moment there are no provisions in Bulgarian law regarding civil unions or marriage for homosexual couples, and co-habiting partners cannot adopt children, nor do they have hospital visitation or inheritance rights. However, gay unions are now recognised in some Eastern European countries, such as Hungary, so it may only be a matter of time before Bulgaria catches up.

While other cities in Central and Eastern Europe have been holding tolerance or equality parades in the past few years, Sofia’s first official gay parade in 2008 was marred by violence from extremists. However this year, 400 people marched peacefully through the city centre, a sign which hopefully shows that Bulgaria is becoming more accepting of gays and lesbians. For more information about this year’s march Click here

Gay visitors to Bulgaria, and especially Sofia, will find it a tolerant place, and actually much more open to homosexuality than many Eastern European countries. There are more than a handful of popular gay bars and clubs in the city, and homosexual couples can generally walk around the centre of the city safe from harassment. Be aware that places on the scene can come and go quicker than a drag queen’s one-liners. So don’t be too surprised, after you’ve been lured half-way across town by some enticing sounding joint, that it’s morphed into a mini-mart. Be aware as well that some places may be hang outs for male hustlers – which may or may not suit your tastes. To help you get the most out of your trip we’ve put together a list gay, lesbian and gay-friendly bars and clubs below, open as of July 2009.

We have also compiled a list of websites of GLBT organizations and different portals where Sofia’s homosexual community communicates on the web, and are good starting points for meeting people before coming to Sofia. The main organization for advancing GLBT rights in Bulgaria is the Bulgarian Gay Organization Gemini, which was started in 1992 by a gay couple, but several other gay organizations and portals exist for Bulgaria.

So if you’re a gay visitor to Bulgaria, we welcome you, and hope you’ll only experience the positive side of life in Sofia.

Above: BGO Gemini, the largest gay rights organization in Bulgaria Sofia’s gay and gay-friendly venues:

Exit Club: 16 Lavele Tel: 359 887 965026 email: A coffee shop by day and laid-back club by night, Exit Club is a very popular club, perfect for pre-partying. However, we’ve had reports of foreigners being overcharged in Exit, so check your change.

Adonis Bar:(opposite the headquarters of Bulgarian Socialist Party) 122 Knyiaz Boris St. Adonis is one of the oldest gay bars in the Balkans, and recently re-opened after a brief closure. The small bar is a bit hard to find, as you have to ring a bell next to a black door, and follow the stairs down to the small basement club.

In Da Club: 33 Tsar Samuil St. This gay club has three levels, massive dance floors, and is open 24 hours a day so the party never stops. A roof terrace, open in the summer, is another attraction.

ID Club – NEW LISTING 18 Vitosha Blvd Tel:0898 200 000 Wesbite: Click hereCurrently the place to be seen on Sofia’s burgeoning gay scene, this popular party hangout has different themed nights including Chalga singers, cabaret, and retro gigs. With three bars, lots of dance space, chill-out areas, plasma screens and, if that’s not enough, darkrooms as well to keep you amused. Check out ID’s website for info on current happenings. ID is only open Tuesday to Saturday 9pm-5am.

Why Not: 31 Stamboliysky Blvd. Tel: 986 66 30 A private gay club, it’s a bit hard to find and you have to ring the doorbell of an iron door to get in. However, once inside it’s a crowded dance club on Friday and Saturday nights, with occasional shows.

Essense: 29 Alexander Stamboliysky Blvd(opposite KFC) Tel:359 89 9998666 A lesbian bar open Wednesday through Saturday.

Lips – NEW LISTING 12 Bratya Miladinovi Street (corner with Alexander Stamboliyski Blvd) Tel: 359 87 8804138 Email: Elegant new bar in the heart of Sofia, Lips offers top-notch service and is a great place to unwind in. Lips is only open Wednesday to Saturday from 8pm.

Soho – NEW LISTING 32 Todor Aleksandrov Blvd Tel: 089 4661607 Email: New kid on the block, Soho offers all the usual attractions for a fun and friendly pink night out. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 7pm to 4am.

Club Chillout – NEW LISTING 1000 Sofia, 5 Triaditsa street (behind the Council of Ministers) Tel: 359 2 980 02 03, +359 888 241164 (mobile) Website: Click hereThink Ceaser’s Palace – think Club Chillout. About as OTT as you can get, this place has more bling than an Essex girl on her wedding day. Big, beautiful spaces are lavishly laid out with trendy, pure white sofas, plenty of disco lights, and big mirrors so you can keep watch on whoever catches your eye. Attracts both a gay and straight crowd. To get to Club Chillout take tram 1,7,18, 20, 22 to these stops – Banya Bashi Mosque stop, Halite stop, Central Bath House stop

Scottys Hotel: Ekzarh Iosif St. +36 (309) 323334 The first gay hotel in Sofia, Scotty’s is located in a renovated and restored historical building in the very centre of the city and offers a variety of rooms. The staff is exclusively gay and ready to point out the best spots in town.

Tours Sofia’s gay guide provides a variety of gay-tailored tours around Sofia and throughout Bulgaria.

Man on man massages with a happy start, a happy middle & a very happy ending. Massage therapy performed by a team of young male masseurs who graduated from the National Sports Academy – this sure is a steamy way to be relaxed and gay in Sofia.

Check out their Bulgarian GLBT Organizations and Websites:

BGO Gemini: European Region of the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA): Bulgaria’s gay portal: Bulgarian gay portal for men: Dolphin Gay Club for Naturism and Sport: Tangra Gay Sports Club: Gay News Bulgarian Portal: GayGuide Sofia: – A guide specially catering to the gay or lesbian traveller. Also available for CracowPragueBudapest.

If you know of other particularly gay-friendly places in Sofia, please let us know; and feel free to post your comments about gay Sofia on this page below. We encourage different viewpoints and want to hear your thoughts about the gay cause in Sofia (though we won’t tolerate abusive or hateful comments). We’ve included a few Sofia-specific GLBT websites above, though many are only in Bulgarian. We hope they’ll be a helpful resource; if you know of any other helpful websites, let us know as well!

 The Gay Side of Sofia

LGBT Bulgarian Gay Life

Gay Bulgaria LGBT, gay life in Bulgaria, including information about bars, what’s hot and what’s not, which bars to go to and insight into the culture.

Ruled for many years by the Soviet Union, Bulgaria is suddenly standing on its own feet ready to bring equality to all. For years, the homosexual community faced intolerance and even severe beatings if caught. As Bulgaria establishes newfound freedoms and joins the EU, new laws have been enacted to protect gay men and women.

The capital city, Sofia, is sadly one of many areas that are steadfast against accepting the homosexual crowd. Though it is a city where youth go for entertainment and nightlife, Sofia is filled with older men and women who lived through the oppressive rule and are now adjusting to true democracy. As Bulgaria has joined the EU this year, things will begin changing rapidly.

A new, prosperous economy has given rise to free time. This allows Bulgarians an opportunity to enjoy leisure activities, both homosexual and heterosexual. Activities enjoyed by others in Paris, New York, London, San Francisco, and other large cities – see a movie, enjoy a cold beer, casual conversation, or have a nice meal together can now occur in Sofia and other Bulgarian cities without recourse.

Though the gay crowd is not readily accepted yet, times are changing. The number of homosexual citizens who feel comfortable in revealing their true selves is increasing. Many of these gay men and women are happy about taking part in daily life. Many are starting to feel comfortable bonding together and sharing tales of the discrimination, violence, and estrangement they felt less than a decade earlier.

In those days, homosexuals were viewed by the majority as imperfect. Though many Bulgarian citizens and political figures have a hard time letting go of this discriminatory belief, a new law to protect gay men and women gained approval in 2002. It passed the parliament vote in late 2003 and was enacted as a law in 2004. Regardless, a high number of the homosexual population is convinced that the only reason the bill passed was due to the fact that Bulgaria is joining the EU and wants to be viewed by all as being as tolerant as any European country.

Meanwhile in Bulgaria and other Eastern European communities, many gay and lesbians remember the violence they endured. Therefore, they avoid public areas, including a small number of gay and lesbian establishments. For those looking for life partners, they face coming out of the closet or finding an alternate means to meeting other gay men and women. This is especially true of men who tend to be more hesitant in revealing their sexual nature.

Sofia is changing rapidly. In most cases, the gay community simply needs more members to succeed. As a result, some homosexuals are now finding that with the changing times comes the revelation that it is okay to come out of the closet.

A large percentage of gay porn is now being exported from Bulgaria. While there is the lure of easy cash, many feel that this is happening because homosexuals are feeling the need to rise above their oppressors by showing them that homosexuality is an acceptable way of life. Another argument is that Bulgaria is trying to prove, as it joins the EU, that they are just as accepting as other countries.

LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) hopes to assist Bulgaria as it faces these changing times. Information at the Gemini website shows that homosexuals are starting to flock to Sofia. The cities cost of living is tempting, but it is a large city that allows gays and lesbians to distance themselves from disapproving family members and friends. There is also a growing gay scene with a large number of gay establishments available to those willing to come out of the closet. This makes it easy for gay men and women to find life partners.

Spartacus, a fashionable disco located near the university, Parliament, and downtown area receive the most business. Spartacus has become a major hangout for many Sofia residents. Sofia offers other gay and lesbian establishments, but expect to find heterosexual people as well. Many of these establishments (Spartacus, Expose, Flamingo, etc.) offer fabulous entertainment. This is creating an even mix of gay and straight men and women to frequent these bars or clubs. Remember that even with the changing times, the mafia does still have their hand in some of Sofia’s businesses.

The Gemini-Bulgaria LGBT Organization’s website clearly states that its mission “is to create a better society for LGBT in Bulgaria.” LGBT hopes Bulgaria can continue to change so that all gays, lesbians, bisexual, and transgender people can feel safe and be accepted in the country. Gemini is currently working on programs with UNAIDS help to create educational and outreach programs.

BGO Gemini is also helping to form gay and lesbian groups within certain communities in order to end the isolation that many homosexual people feel. Given time, there is a promise that these programs can bring tolerance for all.

LGBT Bulgarian Gay Life

Personal contacts

Intro: Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is an old modern city of cobblestone streets and ubiquitous cafes serving coffee frappes and cappuccino–and pizza for breakfast. There are electric trolley cars, cute T-shirted guys, gypsy beggars, orthodox prelates, cell phone addicts and newspaper kiosks displaying dozens of girlie magazines—but not a single gay rag. It’s a city of grand baronial architecture and recent communist facades, stylish boutiques and ancient orthodox churches.

This buzzing capital city is also an Eastern European vortex of repressive broken empires and energetic future enterprise seeking engagement in the European Union. Nouveau prosperity rides around in sporty SUVs while most others walk or take a trolley, and it’s not unusual to see a manual worker driving a horse cart downtown. It’s a city of ingrained prejudice against homosexuals and a lively, rebellious and progressive activist organization.

With and without intention I encountered a small cross-section of Bulgaria’s gay society in a cozy brick-walled restaurant one evening in central Sofia. My two dinner hosts were the President of Bulgaria’s LGBT organization, Ms. Desislava Petrov, aka ‘Soldier’, and George Georges, a lawyer–two very different members of Bulgaria’s LGBT community.

Also present in the room were two ‘accidental’ gay parties–our handsome young waiter and a four-person table of two couples sitting across from us. Without fanfare or flourish, there we were, nine gay folks in a corner of Machaloto Restaurant doing what gay people do in Sofia…and Berlin, London, Budapest or Chicago: enjoying the evening with friends over chat and chatter with good food brought by an very attentive and subtle server. The evening could have been anywhere.

By candlelight, among hushed tones, in no hurry, lingering over chocolate desserts and cappuccino, we shared an unworried time with polite, discreet and enjoyable comrades talking local gossip or international gay politics. The scene was remarkable in its un-remarkableness: peaceful, undisturbed and courteously treated by the restaurant staff. We paid and left, chatted a bit more, hailed a taxi and left for our hotel.

Personal contacts

Surface and Reality

Our evening dinner was both an authentic moment and a deception; it was real and a pretense; a comfortable yet cautious passing.

Homosexuals in Sofia, Bulgaria are not part of the accepted social order yet there are countless legions of them/us participating in the pulse of everyday life in the post communist order of things. Behind the nice clothes, calm talk and tasty food that evening, each of those gay and lesbian citizens had stories to tell that belie the calm of modern Sofia–stories of rejection, confusion, alienation, discrimination, hiding and fear.

Soldier told of being bashed by mafia-type guys one night in a bar. At knife point she suffered a concussion after bring hit by one of them. On a visit to Romania she was threatened and harassed by police for trying to help a sick friend along a sidewalk. Another lesbian friend (in Bulgaria) of hers was forced to resign from her small town teaching job because of rumors that she was gay. With no recourse or protection (she was not out to her family) she had to quit and move to Sofia where she could get support and counseling from LGBT Gemini.

George, who has traveled all over Europe, added that to be seen as gay is to be seen as weak, less than a ‘full’ man. The tradition in Bulgaria, as in most of the world, is to prove manhood by taking a wife and producing offspring. The naive opinion of most people is that gays are socially defective transvestites. “The government doesn’t have a clue about sexual orientation. The only reason they changed the law was because of the EU. They want to be seen as a European equal.” (Anti-discrimination legislation, protecting sexual minorities, was approved by the government council in 2002 and passed by the parliament in September 2003. It becomes law in January 2004.) “But changing the law doesn’t make individual gays feel more safe or brave,” he added.

Surface and Reality

Social Changes

Two things are happening at the same time in Bulgaria—and in other societies in modern Eastern Europe.

(1) Homophobia and fear of authority are still strong. Political and religious persecution for most to the 20th century has left emotional cultural scars, in varying degrees, on most homosexuals. Most gays are closeted and fearful so they stay away from the 8 or 10 gay bars/discos in Sofia. Reflecting on this a few days later, George mused, “Gay guys are confused in their own complexity. We all want the next cute face and body, and when we have it we are afraid of it. And when it’s gone we are even more empty.”

He continued, “Deep within we look for a constant partner who can consolidate or strengthen our fragile sense of stability. Yet, we doubt he can or should be trusted fully. Plus we (mostly men) can’t resist our eternal passion for variety and keep looking around. I know there are always exceptions and some people have solid relationships. I find the word “cruising” a very fit explanation for the perplexed and, to some extent, ‘mad soul’ in us. Homosexuals are afraid of themselves (personal homophobia) and society is afraid of them as well (public homophobia).”

(2) Yet things are changing. Said Soldier in response to George’s dour cautions: “To some extent Sofia is only missing simply the (gay population) size like in Berlin. However, Bulgaria is probably one of the most westernized cultures in Eastern Europe, and for sure, the most western in the Balkans. The women are highly emancipated here and some gays are beginning not to be afraid to be open.”

“There are problems related to the general acceptance that men should marry, but that is so rapidly disappearing nowadays that i think the next few years will witness completely new sense of attitude. Example: If you just visit the largest cruising park in Sofia (Aleya Yavorov – Yavorov alley) you will see lots of young men who may actually have girlfriends. You may even see our waiter from the restaurant. His next step is entering a gay club in a year or so.”

This desire and readiness is also reflected in the flood of gay porno coming out of Eastern Europe. Certainly driven by money to strip down and perform for the camera, it can also be argued that there is a desire to ‘show off’ after years of repression by the communists and a decade of being a ‘second-hand’ Europe. As George suggested playfully, “Bulgaria has, in my opinion, some of the most handsome guys in the world, but it will take sometime that the usual 10% actually realize what they really like.”

Gay Sofia

“Bulgaria’s capital city, Sofia, continues to attract people from the gay community, not only because it is the biggest city, offering anonymity and distance from relatives, but also because of the strong commercial gay scene (bars, clubs, discos, cruising areas). People are more ‘out of the closet’ and it is easier to find a partner.

“There were some attempts to estimate the number of LGBT people in Sofia, especially gay men, but there were problems with this because of the various self-categorizations: gay; bisexuals; men having sex with men who identify as gay; men having sex with men sporadically–called ‘curious’, not identifying as gay. As a result, attempts fail to produce any accurate results.”

This description of gay Sofia is from the Bulgarian LGBT Gemini web site (). Not unlike any major metropolitan capital city LGBT citizens pervade the entire spectrum of the culture. From the velvet closets of wealthy elite families to the impoverished unemployed migrant worker family, queer men and women seek out contacts and mates using the sophistication of the Internet or the furtive shadows of a cruise park or the colorful late night discos.

The most popular gay venue in Sofia has been Spartacus, a huge disco ‘under’ the university in the downtown area, a stone’s throw from the national Parliament. It’s along a pedestrian underpass in front of the beautiful ornate buildings of the university. It could hardly be more centrally located. There is no hiding here. Many of the locals gather mostly on weekend nights to dance and drink and be with friends and LGBT strangers. As luck would have it, the day I checked it out (in late September 2003) there was a closed sign on the door. Apparently it was undergoing some renovations and was due to reopen in October 2003 with a grand party.

There are several other venues to choose from. Soldier ticked off a list of current clubs and discos that were gay or gay-friendly. (In the past five years it has become harder to find a ‘pure’ gay place as the younger gen-y straight kids are finding the gay venues have the best music and décor.) In addition to Spartacus the other watering holes in Sofia include: Luna Lounge, Kayo’s, George, Why Not?, Flamingo, Expose, Vital-LS, and Club Amor. Places come and go so ‘check the listings’ in

Also, it’s an interesting cultural footnote that Sofia (population 900,000) has so many gay venues while Bucharest, the capital of Romania that we also visited on this trip, with a much larger population (2.2 million), only has one gay venue. One observer thought the Bulgarians were more daring and defiant of authority than the Romanians and willing to take more risks. There may be some truth to this as Romania was cowed by an evil and brutal dictator from 1965-1989. As well, the homophobic Romanian Orthodox church seems to have more influence over the people than the Bulgarian Greek Orthodox church.

George also commented, “there are around 10 gay bars in Sofia at the moment, a place with gay porno and dark rooms, and hopefully, within the next year or so Sofia can have its own gay sauna. The actual problems of opening such places in Bulgaria come from, first, the fact that you may have to deal with the mafia structures which control most of the entertainment business (and more) in Bulgaria.

“Second is the problem of profitability. Those two factors have more to do with any business undertaking and don’t necessarily relate to the acceptability of the gays. As everywhere else, there are people who are outgoing and cruise at gay bars and there are people who want to keep lower profile; those proportions vary from country to country,”

Roles and positions

In a later e-mailed I asked George if Bulgarian gay guys were easy to date? Are they personally/sexually flexible? Do they have hang-ups about being tops or bottoms and assuming different roles? Do they feel their attractions and love have validity worth standing up for. (Versus countries like Cambodia or Indonesia’s Sumatra where guys feel there is no possibility for genuine gay feelings or long-term lovers.)

George: “I think here many gay guys want to be on the safe side playing it “versatile”. As in the US, I found out that a lot of the masculine guys would like to feel dominated, which is part of the psychology of dominism. The man is created to adore something else and in most cases we like the image of the real man. So there is nothing wrong with the muscular guys being fucked; it’s part of the game. And when it comes to love, it is usually the bottom guys who fall in love with their top partners. So there is a set-up conflict between this outward strong man image and the inward feeling of desire or need. That doesn’t feel good. It’s scary and nervous…butch images and softy feelings.

And if you ask me whether I believe in love, my answer is – yes, I very much do. It is the best thing that has happened to me and is my driving force in life. I just hope one day I would be able to live with the guy I found and that both of us can recover from all the pain we have caused each other. As rightly he has pointed out to me 6 years ago – ‘you know that I am the man of your life, don’t you? What’s better than that?’”

So the struggle for intimacy is indeed a universal one that transcends tall mountains and artificial borders, within and without. I sensed there is a silent sort of harsh fragility in and around same-gender love and intimacy in former communist states. These are cultures in which human feelings were brutalized through repression and deprivation for four generations. To be individually different was to risk one’s life or one’s family’s safety. From such emotional ashes trust is slow to rekindle. Self-assurance and modest feelings of entitlement (such as gay pride) are tentative.

And for homosexually oriented citizens the search for security is all the more uncertain, hesitant, apprehensive—and painful. To be different now does not carry the historic threat of exile or extermination or torture but coming out today still positions one as less than normal and deserving a shove or an insult. There are plenty of dull-wits with big-fists left over from recent history that are directed against unusual people, including gypsies as well as gays. (See Soldier’s story (#6) in Gay Romania News & Reports on this site.)

Gemini—Bulgaria’s LGBT Organization

Soldier’s realistic approach to the daunting task ahead is pragmatic and determined. She has committed herself to Gemini and whatever it takes to bring LGBT awareness to urban Bulgaria. From their web site:

“The mission of BGO Gemini is to create a better society for LGBT in Bulgaria. The vision is a society where diversity is welcome. The main goal of BGO Gemini is to work for the social inclusion of LGBT in Bulgaria. BGO Gemini has implemented outreach projects with funds from UNAIDS and OSI Bulgaria. Currently, BGO Gemini is working on a joint Balkan Triangle project together with COC-Netherlands and ACCEPT, Romania.”

Recently, BGO GEMINI has developed regional LGBT groups in order to better respond the demands of our members and beneficiaries outside Sofia. These groups are non-formal and not official branches of the organization. This initiative of BGO Gemini was aimed at meeting with LGBT people from smaller towns in the country, since the social isolation LGBT people there face is of a higher extent as compared with the LGBT people from the capital.

BGO Gemini has support groups in Plovdiv (the second biggest city in Bulgaria), Varna (the third biggest city in Bulgaria), Gabrovo, Dobrich and Blagoevgrad.

Currently there is no powerful political lobby in the country which could initiate and facilitate a change in the law towards the legal recognition of same-sex partnerships.

Meanwhile across the rest of Bulgaria

Driving in rural Bulgaria compares well to Romania. The main roads are paved and reasonably good for driving. Cargo trucks haul goods across and out of the country, slowed occasionally by a herd of goats crossing the roads or a horse cart hauling pumpkins from the field. A common sight along the way is a decrepit Lada car huffing along at 30 MPH. We rented a car and drove through the heart of Bulgaria with no serious problems other than having to stop and translate some roads signs—Bulgaria uses the Cyrillic alphabet, similar to Russia. (Romania uses the familiar Latin alphabet so we had no directional problems.)

The country is not prosperous by western standards but it has applied to join the EU in 2007 even though a good monthly salary here is only about US$170 ($140 in Romania). I can’t help wondering how these people will provide and compete with the Germans and Brits who make ten times that amount. Most of Bulgaria’s population live an agricultural life. Throughout the countryside most farmers ride around in horse carts and hand pick their potato crops and cut their hay with a scythe. Village farm houses are neat but worn like their inhabitants. Another question about the future concerns the cheap manual labor costs of these local folks and how these might interface with the expensive high tech farming costs in the West?

The roadsides present a continual carnival of people and images. On several main roads heading out of town, pretending to be hitch-hikers, numerous young women-of-the-night try to flag down willing drivers. One afternoon we came across a group of young men towing a car in a most unusual way. The car had been burned out and the hulk was upside down and hitched to a horse. They were trying to drag it on its roof to town. The horse, whose ribs I could see, did not look amused! As well, so few tourists drive though many of the small remote villages here that we (and our shiny new rental car) sometimes became an attraction for the natives as we stopped to buy cheese or bread or pate for lunch at a small corner grocery.

Dense forests cover the central mountains offering sweeping views and tight switchback roads that lead out to verdant fertile plains sprouting vegetables and grasses. The central Sredna Gora mountains offer stunning views from the high top Shipka Pass where the monumental war memorial on Mount Stoletov is situated. This stone Freedom Monument was built in the 1890’s to honor a battle in the Russian-Turkish War of 1877 when 6000 Russian and Bulgarian soldiers resisted the 27,000 Turkish Ottoman force. To access the site we climbed up the 500 (at least) steps in a luminous late-afternoon fog that enshrouded the mountain. The ascent felt like entering a mythic Wagnerian set passing carved stone soldier figures frozen in battle and topped with a muscular granite tower guarded by a huge bronze lion. The historical myth here is enhanced by knowing that Alexander the Great, that great ruthless hero, also fought his way up the hill in 335 BC (with his boyfriend not far behind.)

Other appealing cities such as Veliko-Turnovo are nestled in the lower hills with its tile-roofed antique wooden houses and Internet cafes such as the bizarre I-Net that sported fantastic (styrofoam) monsters and machines sculpted onto the ceilings. The users in these dens are mostly young guys smoking and playing violent video games online. Of course I’m too refined for such silliness and use the Net only for e-mail, perusing the NY Times and checking my diminishing bank account and rising credit card balance. Across the street is a neon-lighted casino–also filled with cigarette smoke. (It’s inescapable!). Casinos are everywhere in Bulgaria with the Bingo parlors attracting the most gamers.

Veliko also offers the Tsaravets one of Bulgaria’s most extensive medieval fortress ruins (originating from the 11th century) reminding us of the very long and chaotic history of Balkan invasions over the past three millennia. It is a true wonder that Bulgaria kept any consistent identity through countless occupations by the Greeks, Romans, Turks, Ottomans, Austo-Hungarians, Nazis, and communists. Now finally there is a self-chosen confederacy with free Europe in the future European Union.

One morning in Veliko we had a good laugh as we ate breakfast in our communist-designed hotel (it looked like a vertical harmonica). On one side of us a group of American Christian missionaries (buoyant and scrubbed) were praying over their meager breakfasts (followed by post breakfast prayers). On the other side of us was a young couple who had enjoyed the hotel for other purposes than shelter. She looked a bit ruffled in her high black boots, low cut dress and cheap hair dye–and he looked satisfied. And then there was us, two queers boys from liberal Laguna Beach, in between. Truly an odd collection of travelers viewing the sites and sounds of modern and ancient Bulgaria.

As in every town and city there are the countless anonymous ugly communist-style apartment blocks where many people live in two, three or four room flats. The blocks range in height from two to twenty stories and the only interesting feature is the laundry that hangs from each balcony. During the communist occupation thousands of handsome classical ‘western’ buildings were bulldozed to make way for the ‘workers paradise’ of socialism which included erecting these more efficient and tasteless blocks. Today they can’t be taken down of course because they house so many people but journeying across the natural beauty of Eastern Europe is marred by these egregious and ubiquitous housing projects.

Bulgaria has numerous other attractive cities such as Varna and Nessibar on the Black Sea. Varna is very appealing resort city with tree-lined avenues and many umbrella-covered cafes. The magnificent cathedral on the central square is surrounded by women selling their delicately crocheted tablecloths and sweaters. One of Bulgaria’s finest archeology museums is in Varna and displays pre-grecian artifacts dating back about 6000 years. The famous 4th century BC Chalcolithic Necropolis (cemetery) was found near Varna in 1972 and contained exquisite gold carvings said to be the oldest in the world.

McDonalds, of course, has invaded Bulgaria as have the major car rental agencies and countless other western companies since Bulgaria threw open it doors to western enterprise in the early 1990’s. In virtually every city in Bulgaria the famous designer shops are open for business. However, the most popular stores by far are the ones selling mobile phones. The younger generation is addicted to them. Every town and city we visited was linked to a floating satellite somewhere and legions of young and middle age shoppers, students, mothers-with-strollers and double-breasted businessmen were all connected and having one-sided conversations that once were a sign of schizophrenia.

In Plovdiv, the country’s second largest city (with one gay venue—Caligula) one can shop at Fendi, Bulgari, Polo or Calvin Klein and then grab a creamy pastry at the local bake shop or a slice of pizza. This charming city also is full of ancient roman ruins and one of them, a stunning amphitheatre overlooking the city, is still used for musical and dramatic presentations. What little discretionary money the younger generation has seems to be spent on nice clothes and jewelry. Guys especially like heavy gold and silver neck chains. Since the vast majority of these folks don’t own (can’t afford) cars they have more for personal accessories.

Tourist life is cheap here. In Plovdiv, we stayed in a four-star hotel for only $80/double and sat for an elegant four course dinner for $15 for two in the hotel’s nearly empty but elegant restaurant overlooking an ancient ruin. The appetizer was baked plums wrapped in bacon–heavenly.

Plovdiv is more casual than Sofia with numerous pedestrian streets, renovated old European facades, and a picturesque center packed with cafes, fast-food shops, more ruins, trendy brand-name shops and hawkers selling all kinds of touristy kitsch or paperback books or ice cream or religious icons. During the warm season there are nightly open-air concerts, sometimes two or three. Life, at least the evening life, appears cheerful and bright and easy. Of course on the fringes, as always, gypsy beggars can be seen looking for small change and indigents fade into the night shadows with their bags of pickings.

Back to Sofia

Sofia is the core city of Bulgaria. It’s central area was fortunately mostly spared from the bulldozer mentality of the communists. As a result a walk-about takes in the former king’s palace, the elegant president’s office building (where we watched the hunky honor guards in white and red jackets change on the hour), an ancient 15th century church that’s now an impressive archeology museum, a sprawling university, an inspiring cathedral that arches toward the sky as well as modern pieces such as the classy Sheraton Hotel fronted by numerous outdoor cafes serving pizza for breakfast by cute waiters—well, some of them at least.

Speaking of which, we had another good laugh at a huge billboard ad for KFC chicken downtown. The blow-up image depicts several young women surrounding a handsome man seated and holding a bucket of fried chicken in his lap. The cruisy women are all ogling his ‘basket’ of hot food. Surely the ad designer–gay or straight–knew what he was doing.

Several kilometers outside the center is the National History Museum housed in an enormous former communist mansion. Once in a while the socialists built well and this museum is an impressive mix of horizontal and vertical lines fashioned from hardwoods and cement; it would not displease Frank Lloyd Wright. Artifacts here date to the seventh millennia BC.

We also stopped in to see Sofia’s only synagogue built in 1909. It reeks of age and muscular beauty having been restored in recent years. The central golden chandelier hangs from a high delicately painted dome. There is a feeling of dark yet colorful warmth to the interior. As non-Jewish visitors we looked quite fabulous in our white yarmulkes.

In the foyer of the synagogue we purchased a stamped post card with a photo of the late deputy parliament speaker Dimitar Peshev who first alerted the Romanian leaders of the impending deportation of Jews in 1943 and whose action forced King Boris to protect (most, not all) Romanian Jews against the Nazi orders. We also bought a similar post card of the late Orthodox Patriarch Stephan who was also instrumental in saving the Jews. He threatened to lie on the rail tracks before he would allow any such prisoner train to leave Bulgaria.

The Future

Bulgaria may appear from the outside to be a quiet stepsister state to the bustling rush of Western Europe but from inside this rural yet developing land an insistent generation is moving into place. To be sure, many attitudes and ideas about governance and morality are laden with heavy conservative socialistic attitudes exercised by some obtuse authorities. Yet as the forces of modern Europe have urged them forward, these same leaders have, to their credit, chosen to open Bulgaria further thus submitting to the progressive social and economic policies required by EU membership.

The challenge and strain will not be easy. Prices will rise and jobs will be lost. Already international companies have set up business: Renault has taken ownership of the sagging Lada car company. New laws are testing the will of this conservative nation to accommodate such alien considerations as homosexuality, not just in formal legal statutes but also as LGBT citizens become more audible and visible. The gay movement is a small voice at the moment but with wholly-committed activists like Soldier that little sound will grow to a respectable chorus over the next ten years.

As she said in her story: “I started working at first voluntary with the Gemini and for the cause and I felt that this is the mission of my life. After almost three years I’m still here and working for the cause. I’m president of the organization and I’m proud of myself. Of course there are still a lot of things that should be changed here in our country but after being here and involving more and more people to help me in the work I feel better and secure for our future and the future of our children.”

Also see: Gay Bulgaria News & Reports 2000 to presentGay Bulgaria Photo Galleries

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In Sofia from August 29. Would like to see the Traditional wrestling. Anyone happy to guide?

Coming to Sofia, April 18th, 2019, maybe for a month.. Any nice guy wants to give older American guy a tour of the city?

Will stay in sofia 23-26 august. Any private party?

looking for friends , moving to Bulgaria , can you give me a web site , to post a listing , thanks steve

ID Club with the bitchy bottle-blonde racist fag doorman who denies entry to non-whites and foreigners is permanently closed. Good riddance. It was a stain on Sofia’s gay scene.

Hi im coming to your city Bulgaria in October 2018. Ive booked in to the Guest house Bankya 39 Zahari Stoyanov str. this is because i have alway gone to Bankya with my xpartner. Im now coming over on my own, so i would love to have your info on the best place to eat, cafe bars and bars, that are gay run. looking forward to your reply.

Hi guys!I have been in Sofia now since August and have looked for places and you know. But, you are so hard to get. I would love to see where you are. Hugs Espen

I can recommend a gay massage studio in Sofia, where besides Swedish massage, you can enjoy the naturist massage, tantric massage . more .

I am visiting Sofia at the end of march and also VT anyone want to meet

Hi, I will be visiting SOFIA for the first time in October 2016 for 4 days and would like to visit some of Gay friendly venues in SOFIA – and the best free GayDating Website please,Thank you

just come and i will take you round and make things better for you ..

Yep same issue last year with that fool at the entrance to ID Club, but its fine by me as I am a big spender, and if my money is not good enough for them there,,, well there are lots of other places 🙂

this Sofia gay listing needs to be updated with correct information. A lot of these venues have closed down, and there are many new ones which have not been listed here.

Any update info? What clubs are still open? I will be visiting Sofia and Varna in May. Thanks

Someone knows a gay chat in Sofia to contacts? thank u!

I was denied entry into the Id club on july 22nd 2014. I said hello to everyone and they said hello back I was opening the door and all of a sudden this bitch queen said to me hold on you not dressed properly..I watched another person dressed like me walk from Philadelphia USA. I really let this guy have it.I said whats the real reason because im a foriegner? Then he he prodruded his chest out and put his hands on his hips and gave this look like he was going to do something. I told him you aint tough you little pussy ass I proceded to call him every name in the book and told him he should be ashamed of himself.Actually im a very clean cut nice you have to stand up for whats right.I wonder if the owner knows he does this

Hello, I am traveling 4 days for business and I doubt I have the time to visit gay bars, I was trying to chat to some Bulgarian people on gaydar, so I can meet once there, but rarely 20 people were there on the site! Where are all the gay Bulgarians? I would like to know what gay sites do the Bulgarian use ?

I went to I.D. club the first week of February 2013, and not sure why there are so many complaints about the doorman…I was very nervous to go there and was expecting the worse (i.e. had a backup plan), but the „bitchy blonde fag“ was actually quite nice, I think people’s comments were maybe a bit too harsh on him (he was blonde, yes, but I’d hardly describe him as a bitchy fag…), and maybe there WAS a reason they were turned away. As for the club itself, it’s nice for Eastern Europe–a bit larger than I expected, overall has the same feeling as most Western gay clubs (Rihanna/Beyonce/Britney good sound and DJ). Men were dressed nicely–casual button-ups mostly, and mostly „guys“ in that 23-35 age range…I’m not sure about other nights though, if there are more twinks or more welcoming to people older than 40. They had a rotation of 5 or 6 very muscular gogo dancers, oiled up dancing on stages. This is definitely the „classier“ place in Sofia. I’ve also been to Tin-TIn, which is smaller but attracts a younger crowd I think, had drag shows etc. And I most highly recommend Why Not for a new experience, an alternative to the regular „gay scene“.. you’ll get a real taste for Bulgaria, as they normally play Bulgarian Pop-Folk, which is incredible to dance to, very fun and sexy, people get into it a lot and it’s difficult not to join them. All ages are welcome here, the staff and crowd are very friendly and it’s easy to meet and chat with people without a lot of pressure–people will also most likely start chatting to you, but don’t be frightened, they’re very open with just being clear about what you want or don’t want. Sofia’s gay scene is small but diverse and I enjoyed it a lot!

I am a non-white Australian, visiting Sofia. I was booked at the Best Western Hotel which was just around the ID Club. I was dressed extremely well and neat and got there around 1am on Saturday 19th. When I got there, I took out my entrance fee to pay, only to be told, that tonight is a reserved night. I looked at the blonde guy quite shocked. I guess it’s a more polite way of saying: non-whites not allowed. I feel sometimes that us gay people want equal rights and want to be treated like our straight counter-parts, yet we are the ones that are intolerant to people that are different. I guess that the mindset of this establishment will remain fixated on practises that would strengthen a socialist regime rather than a free and liberal one. Having said that, I spoke to someone that was there on Friday night and was quite shocked about the behaviour of their staff and told me that he will inform the manager. I will like to see how the manager deals with complaints. Are there other people out there that had such an experience?

the „boy“ in the entrance of ID club is disgusting. He refused twice the entrance to me, although i was perfect dressed and generally did not create any problem. What do the owners of the place say about this?

hello everyone I am Bulgarian living in Spain iv been all around Europe and let me tell you I haven’t seen better looking gay people then the Bulgarians I know Bulgarians are a bit difficult to understand but once they let you in you will have the best time of your life, just make sure you don’t put them down, Bulgaria is a country with a lot of problems. I love Bulgaria love the clubs and the people,in Varna is one very good gay bar I am sure you will enjoy it, if anyone want to talk or ask something you can chat me any time on my email i will be in Sofia very soon and hope to meet new people, not only Bulgarians and of course on only women as I am a women liking women I enjoy to talk to anybody so don’t be shy, really hope Bulgaria would be very open for you as is been for me.

same exact thing happened to me on new year’s eve, a feminine fag is a good way to describe him. he was so nasty and rude, and very confrontational. he denied me entry into the club on 12/31 and called me a stupid american.

ID club in Sofia —————– My experience with this club is very bad. I was denied entry on Dec/31/2010 and jan/01/2011, supposedly because of „dress code violation“, but I think it’s personal. I visited many clubs all over the world but was never denied entry, therefore it can’t be all my fault. Other people were also dressed regular like me. Some disgusting fag guy (very feminine) screens the customers and probably doesn’t like me. This club ruined my vacation completely because there are no alternatives in Sofia. All other places were completely empty on those two days or already shutdown.

So which bars have the hustlers? What’s the going rate?

We are two gay friends marco and Armando come to visit Sofia for one week and we will say that the first impression was a little bit scared,but after 3 days that we go around the city we LOVE this city,mostly of the people we met was very nice with us everywhere,straight and gay make new friends and I think we will come here soon again,because we love the gay clubs everybody is very kind and I’m talking about ID CLUB and LIPS wonderful places; around the city we see a lot of people not smiling and that makes as a little bit after they now us the first 5 minutes everybody was smiling and happy,in the shops,in the supermarkets and everywhere,so we just love you,and thank you Bulgaria to be so nice with us.

exit doesn’t exist anymore, and before that it has moved in another place. it was a nice club haven’t heard it’s gay one tho. however guys, you can go to gay clubs, but people don’t act too gay as you do on west. so this str8 night i’m quite sure have been gay, just looked str8 🙂

Well Sofia it’s not London or Paris!!We all know that! The best time for gay life in Sofia is the WINTER TIME(COS EVERYONE GOING TO THE SEA SITE)! I spend one month in Sunny Beach and i had fabulos ’s not Mykonos ofcorse,BUT HERE I MET ALOT OF GAY AND I ENJOYED ALOT! Gay guys here are very friendly ,natural and sexy! Something different from all the CLUB MONSTER!ID CLUB IT’S FINE! x

Thursday night, same thing: couldn’t find Exit; Adonis is closed; ID Club seems to be doing a straight night. What a boring city! Anyways, tomorrow (Fri) is my last night here, if anyone wants to hang out and have a beer please leave a comment here.

Went out on a Tuesday and of the 5 places I looked up, all were either shut or had a different name. Sofia is one hard place to have fun!

A nice site. That way I will know where NOT to go :)Have fun people – I am not against homosexuality but I wouldn’t really love to visit a so called gay bar 😀

checking some feed backs on your gay bar’s some say most are closed?if so you should keep up todate for any one coming over for hols,ect.I my selft &2 friends in june can you email me so I will know what bar’s are still open ,clubs,but over all it;s good to see you have a gay spread for the like of us coming to your country good luck ……charles

Great site. Always looking for places in Bulgaria, respecially obscure places like Devin. Can anyone help?

Very helpful page! It’s good to know some background information about the city and the gay cause, not just a handful of gay bars like most gay guides. [email protected]!

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