education: Harvard University, University of Pittsburgh
Tshering Tobgay ist der derzeitige Premierminister von Bhutan. Diese Biografie beschreibt seine Kindheit.
Tshering Tobgay ist seit dem 27. Juli 2013 ein bhutanischer Politiker und Premierminister von Bhutan. Er ist der Führer und einer der Gründer der „Demokratischen Volkspartei“, die die Partei effektiv als erste registrierte politische Partei Bhutans gegründet hat. Von März 2008 bis April 2013 blieb er fünf Jahre lang „Oppositionsführer“ in der „Nationalversammlung“, dem ersten demokratisch gewählten Parlament von Bhutan. Er war auch Präsident der „Demokratischen Volkspartei“. Er ist Alumni der Harvard University und der University of Pittsburgh. Vor seinem Eintritt in die Politik war er Beamter im Bildungsministerium der Abteilung für technische und berufliche Bildung. Er gründete 1998 die „National Technical Training Authority“ und blieb deren Leiter. Seit 2003 war er rund vier Jahre lang Direktor des Ministeriums für Arbeit und Humanressourcen. Seine Majestät, der König, verlieh ihm am 17. Dezember 2014 am 107. Nationalfeiertag den Lungmar-Schal, einen lebenslangen Schal Feier. Damit war er der erste Empfänger des Schals seit seiner Wiedereinführung.
Preliminary hearing of the criminal conspiracy case
On July 9 last year, Pema Gatshel Drangpon Yeshi Dorji filed a report with the Royal Bhutan Police against his ex-wife Khandu Wangmo and former Commandant of the RBG, Thinley Tobgay of Impersonation of Uniformed Personnel and Deceptive Practice. And a colonel with the Royal Bhutan Army also lodged a complaint with the RBP on October 20 last year against the duo for harassing him for seven months in 2016. A detailed investigation conducted by the RBP based on the complaints also unearthed the commission of criminal conspiracy and other criminal offences involving Khandu Wangmo, Thinley Tobgay, Justice Kuenlay Tshering and Drangpon Yeshi Dorji himself. The crime was allegedly committed and planned discreetly over a period of four years starting from 2015 to 2018.
According to the OAG, the Criminal Conspiracy to overthrow the COO of the RBA and other criminal offences were established following their voluntary confessional written statements to the RBP supported by the collation of documentary and electronic evidence. The OAG says the conspiracy and the intent to achieve personal gratification of replacing the COO, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and Registrar General were apparent, supported by numerous incriminating evidence, records of discreet meetings, well-planned and final lodging of unsubstantiated written allegation against the COO.
The OAG is charging defendant Khandu Wangmo with eight offences.
She is charged with Abettor of Mutiny. According to the OAG, the defendant in collusion with Supreme Court Justice Kuenley Tshering and Pema Gatshel Drangpon Yeshi Dorji abetted defendant Thinley Tobgay in the mutiny to overthrow the Chief Operations Officer of the Royal Bhutan Army. The OAG is also charging her with Criminal Misappropriation of Property. She has reportedly colluded with defendant Thinley Tobgay and unlawfully misappropriated Nu 6.5 M from the RBG fund. The defendant is also accused of Larceny by Deception; In collusion with Drangpon Yeshi Dorji, she has deceptively availed a loan of Nu 8 M from the RICBL on the pretext of starting a business.
The defendant will also face the charges of Illegal Possession of Firearm and Impersonation of Uniformed Personnel. She was in illegal possession of a Glock 19 pistol illegally issued by Thinley Tobgay. She is also accused of impersonating armed personnel by wearing a Brigadier rank (military) uniform with full insignia issued by Thinley Tobgay. The OAG is also charging her with four counts of Solicitation to Official Misconduct; she is accused of knowingly using an unauthorised RBG vehicle (Prado) and army personnel for her personal use, soliciting Thinley Tobgay to obtain classified confidential UN tender documents from RBA, convincing Justice Kuenlay Tshering to award her substantially high marks for the Chevening Scholarship, and for soliciting Justice Kuenlay Tshering to unlawfully direct the district court to defer the arrest warrant issued against her. She is also charged with soliciting Justice Kuenlay Tshering to unlawfully obstruct the legitimate claim of USD 12,000 which the defendant has borrowed from Ms Sothy Toep while she was in the UK.
The OAG is also charging her with Obstruction of Lawful Authorities; she is accused of obstructing the lawful execution of the arrest warrant by harbouring former Chang Gup Kanjur in her house and prevented his arrest. She is also charged with Harassment; in collusion with Thinley Tobgay, she allegedly harassed and threatened a colonel of the RBA, who is her ex-boyfriend and subjected him to emotional and mental distress in 2016.
The OAG has charged defendant Thinley Tobgay with five offences.
The defendant was charged for Munity; according to the OAG, the defendant in collusion with Supreme Court Justice Kuenlay Tshering, Khandu Wangmo and Drangpon Yeshi Dorji has conspired and committed a mutiny to overthrow the Chief Operation Officer with his personal intent to replace the former.
Thinley Tobgay is also charged with Criminal Misappropriation of Property; the defendant has unlawfully misappropriated Nu 6.5 M from the RBG fund. The OAG states that he had also embezzled Nu 500,000 recovered from Khandu Wangmo as an interest.
The defendant is also accused of aiding and abetting the illegal possession of a firearm and impersonation of uniform personnel. He had unlawfully issued a Glock 19 pistol and Brigadier rank (military) uniform with full insignia to Khandu Wangmo.
The accused is charged for official misconduct as well. According to the OAG, Thinley Tobgay had unlawfully deputed an official vehicle and army personnel for Khandu Wangmo’s personal use. He had illegally obtained classified confidential UN tender documents from RBA headquarter in Lungtenphu on the solicitation of defendant Khandu Wangmo.
The OAG has charged Thinley Tobgay with harassment as well. The defendant in collusion with Khandu Wangmo harassed and threatened a colonel with the RBA, who according to OAG is Khandu Wangmo’s ex-boyfriend.
The defendant Justice Kuenlay Tshering is charged with three offences.
Abettor of Mutiny, Commission amounting to Abuse of Functions and Obstruction of Lawful Authorities; the Justice is accused to have colluded with Khandu Wangmo and Drangpon Yeshi Dorji in abetting Thinley Tobgay in the mutiny to overthrow and replace the Chief Operations Officer of the Royal Bhutan Army while also intending to fulfil his ulterior motive of becoming the Chief Justice and Drangpon Yeshi Dorji to be the Registrar General of the Supreme Court.
He is also accused to have awarded substantially high marks to Khandu Wangmo with the intent to award and grant undue favour for her to unjustly pursue studies in the United Kingdom. Justice Kuenlay Tshering was one of the panellists for the selection of Chevening Scholarship candidates. Further, he also allegedly misused his authority to illegally obstruct and prevent Ms Sothy Toep from legally pursuing to recover USD 12,000 from Khandu Wangmo. He also allegedly defer the execution of an arrest warrant against Khandu Wangmo.
The OAG is charging defendant Drangpon Yeshi Dorji Dorji with two offences.
Drangpon Yeshi Dorji is charged with Abettor of Mutiny; According to the OAG, in collusion with Khandu Wangmo and Justice Kuenlay Tshering, he has abetted Thinley Tobgay in the mutiny to overthrow the COO of the Royal Bhutan Army with malicious intent to replace him by Thinley Tobgay along with the ulterior motive of Justice Kuenlay Tshering to become the Chief Justice of Supreme Court and his ulterior motive to become himself the Registrar General of the Supreme Court. He is also charged with Larceny by Deception. As per the OAG, he colluded with Khandu Wangmo and deceptively availed a loan from the Royal Insurance Corporation of Bhutan Limited on the pretext of starting a business.
Justice Kuenlay Tshering and Drangpon Yeshi Dorji were arrested last month while Khandu Wangmo and the former Commandant were arrested some two months ago. The OAG said the offences are highly sensitive and most serious. And submitted that they are handed down exemplary punishment with maximum sentencing. The next hearing will be held on the 17th of this month.
Bhutan’s prime minister: business must take happiness seriously
For all westerners who have elevated Bhutan to a mythical status, the prime minister has a stark message; the tiny Himalayan kingdom is „not Shangri-La“.
The country, which has become renowned as a beacon of light for measuring its success according to Gross National Happiness (GNH), rather than solely gross domestic product, is facing many social and economic challenges as it seeks to modernise.
Tshering Tobgay, 48, who was elected last year, has abandoned plans by the previous administration to bring global political and business leaders to the country this year to spread the benefits of GNH, working towards creating a new global Bretton Woods style agreement involving new progress measures, accounting systems and regulatory institutions.
He believes that before Bhutan can preach to others, it still has to prove it can successfully apply the GNH philosophy as it develops its own economy.
„What’s changed with our government is that we believe our priority must be at home,“ Tobgay says in his private chambers in the capital Thimphu. „We must remove the obstacles to GNH and be true to it within the country … But the job of government is not to lead debate; it is to implement the principles at home. The world should not expect too much from us, and we should not expect too much from ourselves.“
Tobgay, only the second prime minister since the king introduced democracy in 2008, also worries that the country, which is squeezed between India and China, is in danger of becoming complacent by falling into the trap of believing its own positive external image.
„Why do I highlight contradictions when I am told I am undermining brand Bhutan?“ he asks. „I like to see it a little differently. Unless we are honest in Bhutan and stop hiding dirt under the carpet, we cannot improve and cannot put the wonder of GNH into use. We say the Bhutanese extended family is the basis of GNH yet we are in a phase where there are unprecedented divorce rates, domestic violence, drug abuse and suicide.“
While Tobgay points to the many issues faced by Bhutan, which include growing youth unemployment and poverty – with the country 167th out of 193 countries measured by gross domestic product – he is also quick to point to its enormous strengths.
Despite its tiny economy, Bhutan provides universal free education and healthcare and Tobgay says the country offers investors „political stability, a young well educated and healthy population, plenty of raw materials, cheap, clean and reliable electric power – and a free trade agreement with India.“
Tobgay is under political pressure to create white-collar jobs to cope with the migration to the capital. In order to achieve this, he says Bhutan must find a way of improving competitiveness without compromising GNH.
While many would expect Bhutan to be wary of the dangers of globalisation, Tobgay says the government must liberalise the economy and bring in more foreign direct investment in order to diversify away from its reliance on hydro-electric power. He has personally made a commitment to meeting the national and international business community once a week to understand their issues and help remove barriers to success.
However, to all companies thinking of investing in Bhutan, Tobgay warns that they must not sacrifice the country’s wish for deep contentment: „There is one condition in doing business,“ he says. „Companies will need to take GNH very seriously; your business will be respectful and add value to the good of society, respect our values and culture, add to the wealth of our environment, and help us to achieve a green economy, one that is fuelled by sustainable competitiveness.“
Rather than seeing the country’s green credentials as a barrier to doing business, he believes increasing global interest in sustainability will give Bhutan a golden opportunity to avoid the mistakes of other developing countries that rushed headlong into industrialisation. „Our culture and our environment can be leveraged to generate more profits,“ he insists.
However, Tobgay recognises that in order to build a more dynamic corporate sector, bureaucratic government structures need to be shaken up, and performance management targets are currently being introduced for each ministry. One of the mandatory objectives will be to help develop business opportunities.
Pointing out Bhutan’s position of 141st on the World Bank index of ease of doing business, he says: „A lot more needs to be done to make government more efficient as it is bloated … We have intent but it has not been backed up, which is why our government announced that in two years we want to be in the top 100 for ease of doing business.“
Tobgay says the dominant publicly-owned industries need to be more competitive and the nascent private sector needs to develop its entrepreneurial skills and be more „hard working“.
He is also seeking to encourage the development of small businesses, particularly in the rural areas, through tax breaks, in order to prevent the countryside from emptying even further.
Does Tobgay worry that the core principles of Buddhism, such as loving kindness and respect for all sentient beings, are getting in the way of building a competitive economy?
„If by competitiveness you mean winning alone at all costs and at the expense of your competition, whom you see as an arch-enemy, that’s definitely not Buddhist,“ he says. „But if by competition you mean working together as a team with others and achieving results, that is competition also. That I think is Buddhist.“
Despite his commitment for change, there are those within the business community who worry that GNH remains too focused on social and environmental factors and that the balance needs to change more in favour of economic development. However, Tobgay warns against blaming the philosophy for any economic failures.
„Don’t blame GNH for bad governance,“ he says. „Don’t blame GNH for bad policy, or lack of vision. GNH is a platform to achieve and to excel. It’s a platform to dream differently and to articulate a vision that is sustainable for Bhutan and maybe for the world. If businesses are not taking off, if the private sector is not taking off, if we are getting the wrong types of businesses in Bhutan, that’s bad governance.“
Bhutan’s constitution dictates that at least 60% of the country must remain forested in perpetuity and Tobgay says the country has to work harder to maintain its reputation for its rich biodiversity – and must „remain carbon neutral for all time.“ Given that the current estimate of 70% forest cover is largely down to guesswork, Tobgay has launched a detailed survey to map not only the size of the forests but also their health.
To address the growing litter problem, the government has launched the Clean Bhutan programme, which has a commitment to use volunteers to clean up „every stream, every trekking route, every town and village in the country“.
Given that Bhutan is the only Buddhist nation not to have been conquered or colonised, what role does Tobgay believe spirituality will continue to play in Bhutan’s future?
„Every Bhutanese grows up with very strong belief in the relationship between cause and effect,“ he says. „There is the influence of the monastery on the one hand and the influence of our monarchs on the other. They’re the fountain head of GNH. They are role models, they live by GNH principles, and hopefully we see more Bhutanese learning because of their noble actions.
„GNH is a work that will never end. So it’s like a religion. Even if you believe in Buddhism, it doesn’t stop there. The more you believe, the more you practice.“
Who killed the private media?
The World Press Freedom report is out. Bhutan’s position has improved significantly to 80 from 94 from last year. Bhutan’s overall position has also improved during my tenure in government, from 92 to 80.
But I’m not happy about the state of our private media. In the two years leading up to the start of parliamentary democracy, private media thrived and continued to grow for a few more years. At one time, we had 11 private newspapers!
Then, gradually, private newspapers started shutting down. Bhutan Observer was the first to fold. They were followed by Druk Neytshuel, Bhutan Youth, Druk Melong and Druk Yoedzer in quick order.
So today we have only six private newspapers: Bhutan Times, Bhutan Today, Business Bhutan, The Journalist, Gyalchi Sarshog and The Bhutanese. Of these, Bhutan Times, a mighty paper during its heyday a decade ago, has been reduced to a sorry shadow of its former self. And The Journalist, Gaychi Sarshog and Bhutan Today are doing even worse – they are barely surviving.
So who killed the private media? The culprit is Kuensel.
Kuensel, a state-owned enterprise, has used its deep pockets, endless resources and strong connections to the government to drive private newspapers out of business. And they are continuing to do so.
The irony is that Kuensel recently ran an editorial, pointing out that the problem with state enterprises is that, they benefit from “favorable treatment” in the form of “subsidies preferential regulatory treatment and even state-backed guarantees”. The editorial went on to suggest that government should not engage in businesses that the private sector is capable of providing.
I agree with Kuensel, notwithstanding the SOEs I defended in my previous post.
But I wonder if Kuensel would be ready to practice what they preach. I wonder if they would be willing to let go of the unfair advantages and privileges that they themselves enjoy as a state enterprise. I wonder if they would be willing to heed their own advice to provide a level playing ground for their private counterparts.
If they are, then good, let’s get cracking – there’s a lot of work to do. If they are not, then they would reek of hypocrisy, a hypocrisy of the highest order that emanates from outright arrogance.
Kuensel profits immensely as a state enterprise. This gives them an insurmountable advantage over private newspapers … and over printing presses, photo studios, publishing houses, Dzongkha translators, stationery shops and IT vendors.
Here’s how Kuensel profits as a state enterprise (most of the information is from the Royal Securities Exchange website):
This is gigantic, considering that their competition in the private sector are living from hand to mouth at best. In reality, most of them are in the deep red. And left unchecked, Kuensel will drive more private newspapers out of business.
First BICMA must ensure a level playing field. They must make sure that Kuensel does not continue to enjoy undue support and privileges from the government that undermine the growth of the private media.
Next, a special audit must be carried out, not by outside firms as has been the practice, but by the Royal Audit Authority. The special audit must go beyond the financials to cover the performance of the company and its effect on the private sector.
After the audit, the government must give serious thought to pulling out of Kuensel. At the very least, they must ensure that Kuensel stops competing with private businesses by providing services in the areas of printing, stationery, photography, translation, retail and IT. Instead, they should be required to stick to their core mandate of reporting news. More importantly, the government should distribute their advertisements among all newspapers, and more equitably, to address their own concerns regarding state-owned enterprises, if for nothing else.
As for me, I know that I should have done a lot more to improve the media landscape, especially in the private sector, during my tenure in the government. I regret that I could not and did not. That said, I will continue to support a free and fair media.
So I offer my services to the private media if they feel that they are unfairly constrained by Kuensel. I will take their case up with BICMA, the government, lawmakers, and, if needed, with the judiciary.
Similarly, I offer my services to private businesses if they feel that Kuensel is receiving and taking undue advantage. I will take up their case with the government and, if needed, the judiciary.
And I offer my services to Kuensel employees if they feel that there are corrupt practices in their organization. I will protect their identity, but will take up their cases with the Anticorruption Commission.
In 2010 I posed a question. It turns out that several readers guessed the identity of the hooded hangman. But the same scenario continues to unfold today, with Kuensel as both the unknown hangman and the one applauding the death of private newspapers.
We need to join hands to rein in Kuensel. Otherwise, the killing spree of private newspapers will continue.
Who is Tshering Tobgay?
See the events in life of Tshering Tobgay in Chronological Order
End violence against women!
Today is Valentine’s Day. It is a day to celebrate love. The simple and pure message of love transcends all society, and so the Day is observed by all, all over the world.
This Valentine’s Day is special because the world is also observing the One Billion Rising
Bhutan will also join the noble cause. And, in true Bhutanese spirit, Her Majesty the Queen Mother Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuck will lead the way, offering prayers and butterlamps at Tashichhodzong. I urge supporters and well-wishers to follow Her Majesty’s exemplary leadership to honour our women by committing to eradicate violence against them by participating in the simplen but sacred ceremony at the Tashichhodzong.
I call on everyone – each and every Bhutanese – to join Her Majesty the Queen Mother, to join, to put an end to violence against our women.
Violence against women is against our religion. It is against our culture. It is against the law.
Let’s join hands to put an immediate end to this unacceptable scourge.
Sonam Dorji, 12 years, Class 5Rinzin Norbu, 12 years, Class 4Sangay Dorji, 12 years, Class 4Namgay Chojay, 13 years, Class 4Thinley Norbu, 11 years, Class 4
These five students go to Monmola community primary school, in distant Serti gewog, in the Shingkhar Lauri region. And boy, they can dance. I met them during my recent tour to Jumotshangkha, in the eastern-most part of our country. And they honoured me with an active performance of the very lively Ache Lhamo chham.
The students say they took over a month to learn the historic Ache Lhamoi chham. They were taught by two farmers, Lobsang and Yeshey, both renowned dancers themselves, before and after school every day. The farmer-teachers proudly explained that they volunteered their services to promote their culture and heritage, and to add value to their children’s education.
The Ache Lhamoi chham, one of the teachers told me, has over 100 separate movements which would take several days to perform. What the students showcased was just one movement, and an abbreviated one at that. Enjoy…
I’ve lifted the following description of the Ache Lhomoi dance from the Asia-Pacific Database on Intangible Cultural Heritage. It was written by Lopen Phuntsho Gyeltshen of the Royal Academy of Performing Arts.
Ache Lhamo or Ashe Lhamo is regarded more as drama rather than dance, but many scholars accept it as dance-drama flourished in Bhutan since a long time back.
The characteristicsAche Lhamo literally means Sister Goddess or Lady Goddess. This is performed by herdsmen once a year in keeping with the local customs. It tells or relates stories of people famed for their piety and miraculous achievements be it spiritual or temporal. The repertoire of this art was not very broad and the style of presentation cultivated by each group varies, although the overall performance of the general framework is the same. The dance by one man and a woman is accompanied by the rhythm of the cymbal and beating of the large-sided drum, while the story unfolds in operatic recitative and chorus. Aside from the main performance comic scenes are acted with great brilliance.
The Merak Saktenpa people perform this dance-drama once a year, for five days at a time. Apart from the yearly festival, Ache Lhamo is performed, at some great monastery or wealthy noble’s house and other special events of national importance.
HistoryThe Tibetan saint and the bridge-builder Thangtong Gyalpo, in the 14th century, began his project of building iron bridges over many big rivers in Tibet. To provide adequate provisions for the laborers he developed an interesting means for collecting donations. The Chhongje Bena family with seven daughters was called upon and to each daughter he assigned different roles, while he himself beat the drum. A large audience was gathered and everyone who watched the play enjoyed it very much. This was the first time that drama was introduced in Tibet.
During the late 14th century, the saint expanded his activity of bridge construction over Bhutan, and it is believed that along with him this art traveled to Bhutan.
The saint regarded his building of iron-suspension bridges and related engineering feat as a practical application of thebodhisattva ideal, and his introduction of this dance-drama Ache Lhamo is in no way different from any Buddhist activity. He is also credited for the introduction of other classical dances and folk performing arts.
Bhutan und das Bruttonationalglück „Wir können der Globalisierung nicht entfliehen“
Der Ministerpräsident von Bhutan, Tshering Tobgay, über das Konzept des „Bruttonationalglücks“ und die schwierige Balance zwischen materiellen und immateriellen Werten.
Was macht Menschen glücklich, und wie kann die Politik die Lebenszufriedenheit unterstützen? Längst sind diese Fragen auch in der Wissenschaft angekommen; die Glücksforschung zählt mittlerweile zu den Boomdisziplinen der Volkswirtschaftslehre. Und wer sich mit dem Thema beschäftigt, stößt fast unweigerlich auf das Königreich Bhutan.
Der nur 750 000 Einwohner zählende Ministaat zwischen Tibet und Indien hat Ende der Siebzigerjahre das Bürgerglück zur Staatsräson erhoben. Seitdem misst ein Heer von Statistikern, Ökonomen und Meinungsforschern das „Bruttonationalglück“.
Dass dieser Index steigt, liegt aktuell in der Verantwortung von Regierungschef Tshering Tobgay.
Kindheit & frühes Leben
Tshering Tobgay wurde am 19. September 1965 in Haa, Bhutan, geboren. Er ist der älteste unter den sechs Söhnen seiner Eltern. Sein Vater war Soldat in der bhutanischen Armee und seine Mutter half beim Bau der ersten Straße zwischen Bhutan und Indien.
Er schloss seine Sekundarschulausbildung bei Dr. Graham’s Homes Schule in der indischen Bergstation von Kalimpong.
1987 wechselte er an die „Swanson School of Engineering“ der „University of Pittsburgh“, nachdem er ein Stipendium der „Vereinten Nationen“ erhalten und 1990 seinen „Bachelor of Science in Engineering (Mechanical)“ abgeschlossen hatte.
Er absolvierte auch mehrere kurze Kurse, Workshops und Seminare, darunter „Projektüberwachung und -evaluierung“ in England, „Verbesserung der Qualität der Berufsausbildung“ aus Südkorea und „Strategische Planung aus Indien“.
Tshering Tobgay hatte mehrere Verwaltungspositionen in der königlichen Regierung von Bhutan inne, bevor er sich in die Politik wagte. Seine Karriere begann am 16. Oktober 1991 als Beamter im Bildungsministerium als Programmverantwortlicher in der Abteilung für technische und berufliche Bildung. Er hatte die Position bis zum 31. Dezember 1996 inne.
Am 1. Januar 1997 wurde er Leiter der Abteilung für technische und berufliche Bildung des Bildungsministeriums und blieb dies bis zum 9. Mai 1999.
Er gründete die „National Technical Training Authority“ (NTTA) und leitete sie vom 10. Mai 1999 bis 30. Juni 2003 als deren Direktor.
Anschließend war er vom 1. Juli 2003 bis 1. Februar 2007 im Ministerium für Arbeit und Beschäftigung als Direktor der Personalabteilung tätig.
In der Zwischenzeit trat er 2003 der „John F. Kennedy School of Government“ an der „Harvard University“ bei, von wo er 2004 seinen „Masters of Public Administration“ erhielt.
Am 1. Februar 2007 trat er aus dem „Ministerium für Arbeit und Beschäftigung“ aus, um ein neues politisches Inning zu beginnen, als Seine Majestät sich bemühte, die Demokratie in Bhutan zu etablieren.
Er ist eines der Gründungsmitglieder der „Demokratischen Volkspartei“. Es ist die erste registrierte politische Partei Bhutans.
Bei den ersten demokratischen Wahlen in Bhutan im Jahr 2008 gewann die „Demokratische Volkspartei“ zwei Sitze, von denen einer von Tobgay gewonnen wurde.
Vom 21. April 2008 bis zum 20. April 2013 blieb er der „Oppositionsführer“ in Bhutans „Nationalversammlung“. Während dieser Zeit war er auch Präsident der „Demokratischen Volkspartei“.
Im Wahlkampf 2013 konzentrierte er sich auf die Entwicklung des Landes mit kleinen Schritten wie der Zusage, jedem Bezirk Nutzfahrzeuge und eine Motorpinne für jedes Dorf zur Verfügung zu stellen, um nicht wie seine Vorgänger das „Bruttosozialglück“ zu fördern. Er ist der Ansicht, dass Themen wie Jugendbeschäftigung, Staatsverschuldung und Korruption Anlass zu großer Sorge geben, die eher im Fokus stehen müssen als das „Bruttosozialglück“.
Nach den Wahlen von 2013 wurde Tobgay in geheimer Abstimmung Premierminister von Bhutan. Er ist seit dem 27. Juli 2013 der amtierende Premierminister von Bhutan.
Tobgay bemüht sich, die Korruption in der Regierung von Bhutan zu reduzieren. Er interagiert oft mit gewöhnlichen Bhutanern.
Auszeichnungen & Erfolge
Tshering Tobgay ist der erste Empfänger des lebenslangen Schals, des „Lungmar Scarf“ nach seiner Wiedereinsetzung. Seine Majestät verlieh ihm diese Ehre in Anerkennung der Beiträge, die er als Oppositionsführer in den demokratischen Verfahren des Landes von 2008 bis 2012 geleistet hatte. Er erhielt die Ehre am 17. Dezember 2014 während der Feier zum 107. Nationalfeiertag
Persönliches Leben & Vermächtnis
1998 heiratete er Tashi Doma und ist mit zwei Kindern gesegnet. Seine Interessen umfassen Lesen, Musik und Theater, während er Outdoor-Aktivitäten wie Radfahren, Trekking, Joggen und Bogenschießen mag und sich auch gerne freiwillig engagiert.
Tobgay ist in sozialen Medien wie Facebook und Twitter sehr aktiv. Er ist auch ein aktiver Blogger.
Why you should listen
Tshering Tobgay served as the leader of the opposition party in the National Assembly of Bhutan from 2008 to 2013 and as prime minister from 2013 to 2018.
Tobgay was a civil servant before he joined active politics. He was the first official to resign from his work to take part in his country’s transition to a parliamentary democracy. He was responsible for establishing the People’s Democratic Party as the first registered political party in Bhutan, and he continues to serve as its president.
As an advocate of Gross National Happiness, Tobgay has spoken about conservation, climate change, poverty, democracy and happiness in various international conferences.
Tobgay has an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Pittsburgh and a master’s in public administration from Harvard University. He is married to Tashi Doma and has two children. He enjoys volunteering, reading, trekking, bicycling, jogging, archery, yoga, music and drama.
Tshering Tobgay, 51, ist seit 2013 Premierminister von Bhutan und Chef der People’s Democratic Party. Im November erhielt der Harvard-Absolvent der Ehrenpreis der Stiftung deutscher Nachhaltigkeitspreis.
Unsere Könige haben die weise Entscheidung getroffen, Bhutan nicht rein ökonomisch, sondern nachhaltig zu entwickeln. Das Konzept des Bruttonationalglücks folgt der Einsicht, dass wir die Chancen künftiger Generationen nicht gefährden dürfen. Bhutan ist ein armes Land, und wir suchen nach einer Balance zwischen Wirtschaftswachstum – das sehr wichtig ist – und ökologischer Nachhaltigkeit, sozialem Fortschritt und dem Erhalt unserer Kultur. Es geht ebenso um eine Balance zwischen den materiellen Bedürfnissen der Menschen, ihrem emotionalen Wohlbefinden und ihrer spirituellen Erfüllung.
Sicher, Glück ist immer subjektiv. Sie fühlen sich gut oder eben nicht. Wir versuchen daher, eine Art gesellschaftliches Glück zu erfassen. Dafür zuständig ist ein Forschungsinstitut, das Zentrum für Bhutan-Studien und Glücksforschung, das regelmäßig die Bevölkerung befragt. Die Umfragen sind sehr detailliert und umfassen neun Bereiche: Gesundheit, Lebensstandard, Bildung, Zufriedenheit mit Politik und Verwaltung, ökologische und kulturelle Vielfalt, Gemeinschaftsgefühl, Zeitsouveränität und allgemeines mentales Wohlbefinden. Die Umfragedaten fließen in den nationalen Glücksindex ein.
Der Index hat sich zwischen 2010 und 2015 leicht verbessert. 91,2 Prozent der Bevölkerung Bhutans fühlen sich ansatzweise, überwiegend oder sogar außerordentlich glücklich.
Die Elemente, aus denen der menschliche Körper besteht, sind durch das Zusammenfallen von Sternen entstanden. So setzt sich unser Organismus unter anderem aus Calcium, Chlor, Kalium, Kohlenstoff, Magnesium, Natrium, Phosphor, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Stickstoff und Wasser zusammen. All diese Elemente gäbe es nicht ohne zerfallene Sterne. Somit bestehen wir alle aus Sternenstaub.
Kühe haben beste Freunde und können mehr als 100 Herdenmitglieder erkennen und unterscheiden. Besonders enge Bindungen gibt es zwischen Müttern und Töchtern und Kälbern untereinander.
Blinde Menschen lächeln, auch wenn sie noch nie in ihrem Leben ein Lächeln gesehen haben. Der fröhliche Gesichtsausdruck ist uns Menschen angeboren. Für diejenigen, die sehen können, ist lächeln darüberhinaus ansteckend: Werden Menschen angelächelt, lächeln sie zurück.
Wenn auch drastisch: Die Chinesen passen gut auf ihre Panda-Bären auf. Wer im Land der Mitte einen Panda tötet, muss selbst damit rechnen mit dem Tod bestraft zu werden. Außerdem sind in der südchinesischen Stadt Cheng- du, der Heimat der Pandas, beleidigende Darstellungen der Tiere verboten.
Die Beatles haben das Wort „Liebe“ 613 Mal in ihren Liedern benutzt.
Einige Schildkröten können durch ihren Po atmen. Weichschildkröten decken so Sauerstoffbedarf unter Wasser. Durch diese „Hautatmung“ können die Tiere lange ohne Aufzutauchen atmen.
Eichhörnchen pflanzen jedes Jahr tausende neue Bäume – und das nur, weil sie vergessen, wo sie die Nüsse versteckt haben.
Ja, natürlich. Das BIP ist eine wichtige Größe für uns und geht in den Glücksindex mit ein.
Noch mal: Ich war und bin kein Skeptiker des Konzepts. Richtig ist aber, dass wir weniger über Dinge reden und mehr Dinge implementieren sollten.
Tshering Tobgay ist der derzeitige Premierminister von Bhutan. Diese Biografie beschreibt seine Kindheit.