Lingayatismus

Der Lingayatismus ist eine bedeutende indische shivaistische Religionsrichtung, die besonders in Karnataka und in Maharastra populär wurde. Er lehrt einen Monotheismus, in dem die universelle Gottheit in Form des Ishtalinga verehrt wird.

Welcome to Lingayat Religion

The symbol of Progress, Prosperity & Eternal Peace Enshrining in Action, Equality, Fraternity Morality & Knowledge In Consonance as a WAY OF LIFE!

The width of the world, the width of the sky Still greater width is your width. Below the nether world are your holy feet, Beyond the universe is your holy crown. Oh, impenetrable, invisible, incomparable linga Oh, lord Koodalasangama You appeared so tiny in the hollow of my palm. -Guru Basava/201 [1]

Lingayathism (ಲಿಂಗವಂತ, ಲಿಂಗಾಯತ, Lingavanta, Lingayat) is started in the 12th century by Guru Basaveshwara; Lingayat has the aim to stop the evil, traditions, to stop bifurcating people by birth, to stop male female inequality, to provide education to people. Lingayat literature explains the clear proper concept of GOD, and provides a way to worship the GOD in the form of Ishtalinga. And rejects all the superstitions beliefs.

In Lingayat all are equal by birth; differentiation is based on the knowledge they possess. This is equivalent of current education system. i.e. any one becomes an officer by scoring good marks not by taking birth in officer’s house.

The spider that has yarn From the cords a nest of threads, From where did it bring the threads? There is no spinning wheel, No cotton ball first of all, And who spun the threads? Drawing out the thread from its body Spreading it about, swinging in it in love In the end concealing it within itself, is the spider. Likewise, Our Koodalasangamadeva Can draw it into himself The world that he has caused. -Guru Basava/160 [1]

Any one can become Lingayat by receiving Ishtalinga by ‘Ishtalinga Deeksha’ (consecrate). In Lingayat Ishtalinga Dharane will be performed when the mother is pregnant (around 7 months of pregnancy). Mother will wear her child’s Ishtalinga with her owns one. Once birth takes place the first ritual will be ‘Lingadharane’ (tying Ishtalinga to baby). Once the child is grown up around 12-15 of ages Ishtalinga Deekhsa (consecrate) will be performed by Deeksha Guru (Guru one who provides Deeksha).

Lingayat is nourished by the council type body called Anubhava Mantapa (which is equivalent to current parliament) The proceedings of the Anubhava Mantapa are recorded in the form of Vachana literature. The members of Anubhava Mantapa are common men who have rich knowledge of spirituality even though they are financially politically poor. And these all are have very high moral, spiritual and crystal clear knowledge of supreme reality & about life.

Like The lightning behind the cloud The mirage behind the nothingness, The silence behind the sound The light behind the eyes Such is your state Guheshwara. -Allama Prabhu/596 [1] Like the treasure hidden in the earth, The taste hidden in the fruit, The gold hidden in the stone, The oil hidden in the seed, The fire hidden in the tree, The Brahma hidden in feeling, O Chennamallikaarjuna Your be-ing is hard to be perceived. -Akka Mahadevi/1199 [1] To search in the woods He is not a bush; To search in the ponds He is not fish or frog; To do penance for him He is not to be owned by adapted roles; To search by punishing one’s body He is not a lender. Linga hidden in eight bodies, Ambigar Chowdayya Saw by reaching and touching it -Ambigara Chowdayya/1381 [1]

In traditional Hinduism humans are bifurcated by birth as follows: Brahmins 1st grade, Kshatriyas 2nd grade, Vaiyas 3rd grade, Shudra 4th grade, Asprushya (untouchable) 5th grade. If a person took birth in Asprushya even though he is a brilliant he can not achieve 1st grade or 2nd grade. In this society system Guru Basaveshwara came as light of hope and cleared out this ladder of Varna saying this is human created not GOD made system and started equality in all humans by providing education, explained the concept of GOD in easy and common man’s language.

When education reached the down trodden people they started writing their spiritual experiences, a drummer, wood cutter, cobbler, barber pot maker so on all were became great writers they explained the spirituality in the Vachanas.

In Lingayat Kaayaka (working for survival with divine mind set) is mandatory to each and every individual being. Without Kaayaka nobody has right to live. Guru Basava preached to spend part of the earning from Kaayaka to the poor/society welfare known as Daasooha. It’s a voluntary (not forced) contribution from one’s own earned wealth (not any others or family members wealth).

[1] Number indicates at the end of each Vachana is from the book „Vachana“, pub: Basava Samiti Bangalore 2012.

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Welcome to Lingayat Religion

Dharma Guru Basavanna

Guru Basaveshwara is the Guru, Linga, Jangama and Prasada ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಗುರುವಾಯಿತ್ತು. ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಲಿಂಗವಾಯಿತ್ತು. ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಜಂಗಮವಾಯಿತ್ತು. ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಪ್ರಸಾದವಾಯಿತ್ತು. ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಮಾಡಲಿಕ್ಕೆ ಈರೇಳುಲೋಕವಾಯಿತ್ತು. ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದಾದ ಕಲಿದೇವಯ್ಯ. –ಮಡಿವಾಳ ಮಾಚಿದೇವ ಸವಸ 8/682 “Basavanna is reason for Guru, Basavanna is reason for Linga, Basavanna is reason for Jangama, Basavanna is reason for Prsada, Basavanna is reason for seven worlds, Basavanna is reason for Lord Kalideva, Madivala Machideva was the contemporary Sharana of the Guru Basaveshwara. In the above Vachana he specifies clearly that Basaveshwara introduced Guru (preceptor), Linga, Jangama (Priest), Prasada (Grace of God, holy food, Phala/return for the good deed) and even seven worlds.

In another Vachana Madivala Machideva witnessed the historical truth in a beautiful manner along with other essential aspects . ಎತ್ತೆತ್ತ ನೋಡಿದಡೆ ಅತ್ತತ್ತ ಬಸವನೆಂಬ ಬಳ್ಳಿ, ಎತ್ತಿ ನೋಡಿದಡೆ ಲಿಂಗವೆಂಬ ಗೊಂಚಲು. ಒತ್ತಿ ಹಿಂಡಿದಡೆ ಭಕ್ತಿ ಎಂಬ ರಸವಯ್ಯಾ. ಆಯತ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಸ್ವಾಯತ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಸನ್ನಿಹಿತವು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಗುರು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಲಿಂಗ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಜಂಗಮವು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ, ಪಾದೋದಕ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ,ಪ್ರಸಾದ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನಿಂದ ಅತ್ತ ಬಲ್ಲಡೆ ನೀವು ಕೇಳಿರೇ, ಇತ್ತ ಬಲ್ಲಡೆ ನೀವು ಕೇಳಿರೇ ಬಸವಾ ಬಸವಾ ಬಸವಾ ಎಂದು ಮಜ್ಜನಕ್ಕೆರೆಯದವನ ಭಕ್ತಿ, ಶೂನ್ಯ ಕಾಣಾ, ಕಲಿದೇವರದೇವಾ. –ಮಡಿವಾಳ ಮಾಚಿದೇವ ಸವಸ 8/526 “ See wherever there find Basava as creeper, If seen it near by find bunch of Linga, If squeezed find juice of devotion, Basava is behind adoption (Ayata), realizations (Swayata) and understating (Sannihita), Basava is behind formation of Guru, Linga, Jangama, Padodaka, and Prasada, You may enquire here, you may enquire there, Devotion without chanting Basava is nothing but nil, O Lord Kalideva.

ಆದಿ ಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಅನಾದಿ ಲಿಂಗವೆಂಬರು, ಹುಸಿ ಹುಸಿ ಈ ನುಡಿಯ ಕೇಳಲಾಗದು, ಆದಿ ಲಿಂಗ, ಅನಾದಿ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನು! ಲಿಂಗವು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನ ಉದರದಲ್ಲಿ ಹುಟ್ಟಿತು, ಜಂಗಮವು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನ ಉದರದಲ್ಲಿ ಹುಟ್ಟಿತು, ಪ್ರಸಾದವು ಬಸವಣ್ಣನನುಕರಿಸಲಾಯಿತ್ತು, ಇಂತೀ ತ್ರಿವಿಧಕ್ಕೆ ಬಸವಣ್ಣನೇ ಕಾರಣನೆಂದರಿದೆನಯ್ಯಾ ಕೂಡಲಚನ್ನಸಂಗಮದೇವಾ. –ಚನ್ನಬಸವಣ್ಣ ಸವಸ 3/5 “There is a saying Basaveshwara is beginner (Aadi), Linga existing from eternity (Anadi), Lie, lie this cannot be heard, Linga is beginner (Aadi), Basavanna is senior to Linga (Anadi), Linga is born in the stomach of Basavanna, Jangama is born in the stomach of Basavanna, Prasada is born in the stomach of Basavanna, I came to notice, Basavanna is the only cause for this three fold ethics, O Lord Koodalachennasangamadeva.

Like wise number of Vachanas written by number of Sharana/Sharanes witness the inventor of Istalinga is Guru Basavanna and he is the Dharma Guru of Lingayat (founder of the Lingayath religion).

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Dharma Guru Basavanna

Entstehung

Die Richtung wurde im 12ten Jahrhundert von dem Philosophen und Staatsmann (1134–1196 CE) gegründet, der auch als Basavanna, Basaweshwara, Basavesha und Basavaraja bekannt ist. Seine Nachfolger wurden Sharanas genannt, zu denen bekannte Heilige wie Basava, Allama Prabhu, Akka Mahadevi, Siddharama, Channabasavanna, Siddalinga Chamarasa und Somanatha zä Glaubensanhänger werden als Lingayaten(von lingavanta ‚einer der einen iṣṭaliṅga trägt‘) bezeichnet.

Der von den Panchacharyas gegründete Vira – Shivaismus beinhaltet gleichfalls das offene Tragen des Ishtalinga, weshalb die Lingayaten oft mit letzteren verwechselt werden.

Die frühen Philosphen des Lingayatismus kritisierten die Rituale der Veden und anderer älterer Hindutexte, während im Vira-Shivaismus die rituellen Bräuche und die Haltung der Brahmanen zu den Veden und den Shastras abgelehnt wurde.

Der Einsturz der Kastenunterschiede wurde im zeitgenössischen Lingayatismus modifiziert. Er ist aber weiter anti-brahmanisch und gegen die Anbetung jedes anderen Bildes als das Lingam.

Die Lingayaten bilden heute mit Shaiva Siddhanta, Tirunelveli Saiva Pillai, Nadar, NathaPashupathen aus Nepal und den Kapalikas eine Grossteil der Shivaisten.

Entstehung

Lehre

Der Lingayatismus basiert nicht direkt auf den Veden und lehrt auch nicht das Kastensystem, glaubt aber an Karma und Wiedergeburt. Der Lingayat iṣṭaliṅga ist ein eiförmiges Emblem, das Parashiva als höchstes Bewusstsein symbolisieren soll, welches auf dem Körper mit einer Schnur um den Hals getragen wird. Es soll auch dem Schutz dienen und ähnelt der eiförmigen Akasha-Form der Aura.

Lingayaten singen und tragen eine Rudraksha-Mala auf dem Körper. Ein heiliger Text ist das Basava Purana. Andere Texte sind das Basavarajadevara Ragale von Harihara aus Hampe und das in Telugu verfasste Basava Puranamu von Palkurike dem Wiederaufkommen im 15. Jahrhundert unter den Vijayanagara – Herrschern erschienen weitere Werke über Basavas Leben und die Religion und Philosophie wie beispielsweise

Referenz: Dr. P.B. Desai, Basaveshwara and his times, Basava Samithi, Basava Bhavana Bangalore. 1968.

Lehre

Shivachara (ಶಿವಾಚಾರ)

Shivachara requires Lingayats to acknowledge the Shiva (Not the yogi shiva, yogi shiva is one who resides in Himalayas and having moon & Ganga in his head) as the only one GOD and he is the supreme GOD (Lingadeva). Whatever the devotional acts are performed, such as, prayers, meditations, inner thoughts, they must always be about Supreme GOD.

caste, was highly respected by Basavanna for his greatness as a Shiva-devotee.

ದಾಸೀಪುತ್ರನಾಗಲಿ, ವೇಶ್ಯಾಪುತ್ರನಾಗಲಿ ಶಿವದೀಕ್ಷೆಯಾದ ಬಳಿಕ ಸಾಕ್ಷಾತು ಶಿವನೆಂದು ವಂದಿಸಿ, ಪೂಜಿಸಿ, ಪಾದೋದಕ ಪ್ರಸಾದವ ಕೊಂಬುದೆ ಯೋಗ್ಯ. ಹೀಗಲ್ಲದೆ ಉದಾಸೀನವ ಮಾಡಿ ಬಿಡುವವರಿಗೆ ಪಂಚಮಹಾಪಾತಕ ನರಕ ಕಾಣಾ, ಕೂಡಲಸಂಗಮದೇವಾ. -1/1223 # Translation: Whether a person is a handmaid’s son or a harlot’s Its right to regard him as Shiva incarnates, To worship him and to receive paadodaka and Prasada from him, After he has undergone the Shiva-initiation Otherwise, the hell of the five deadly sins awaits those who neglect him, O Lord Kudala Sangama! ಪಟ್ಟವ ಕಟ್ಟಿದ ಬಳಿಕ ಲಕ್ಷಣವನರಸುವರೆ ಲಿಂಗದೇವನ ಪೂಜಿಸಿ ಕುಲವನರಸುವರೆ, ಅಯ್ಯಾ ಕೂಡಲಸಂಗಮವೇವ ಭಕ್ತಕಾಯ ಮಮಕಾಯವೆಂದನಾಗಿ. -1/138# Translation: Why look a king’s caste after the coronation? Why look for a devotee’s caste, after the Linga worship? For Kudala Sangama Lord said “Bhaktas body is my body” ಹೊಲೆಯೊಳಗೆ ಹುಟ್ಟಿ ಕುಲವನರಸುವೆ, ಎಲವೊ, ಮಾತಂಗಿಯ ಮಗ ನೀನು. ಸತ್ತುದನೆಳೆವನೆತ್ತಳ ಹೊಲೆಯ ಹೊತ್ತು ತಂದು ನೀವು ಕೊಲುವಿರಿ. ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರವೆಂಬುದು ಹೋತಿಂಗೆ ಮಾರಿ, ವೇದವೆಂಬುದು ನಿಮಗೆ ತಿಳಿಯದು. ನಮ್ಮ ಕೂಡಲಸಂಗನ ಶರಣರು. ಕರ್ಮವಿರಹಿತರು, ಶರಣಸನ್ನಿಹಿತರು, ಅನುಪಮಚಾರಿತ್ರರು. ಅವರಿಗೆ ತೋರಲು ಪ್ರತಿಯಿಲ್ಲವೋ. -1/576# Translation: Born in the place of excrement, like every son of women, You seek height caste Lo, you are Maatangi’s son! How can he who carries off the dead cow he be low-born? You slaughter the living goat to the sacrificial altar. Your Shastra is death to the goat You do not know what the Vedas mean Our Kudala Sanga’s devotees know no ritualism They men of character beyond compare are nearest to GOD! ಕೊಲುವನೇ ಮಾದಿಗ, ಹೊಲಸು ತಿಂಬವನೇ ಹೊಲೆಯ ಕುಲವೇನೊ ಅವದಿರ ಕುಲವೇನೊ ! ಸಕಲಜೀವಾತ್ಮರಿಗೆ ಲೇಸನೆ ಬಯಸುವ ನಮ್ಮ ಕೂಡಲಸಂಗನ ಶರಣರೆ ಕುಲಜರು. -1/591# Translation: He alone is a Maadiga who kills animals; He alone is a Holeya who eats filth What worth is the caste of those well-born? Who sacrifice an animal and eat it? Our Kudala Sanga’s devotees, Who wish all the living well Along are well born.

1/653 number indicaets, 1-Vachana Samputa number 653-Vachana number, in the 15 samputas of Samagara Vachana Sahithya, pub: Kannada and Culture Department, Government of Karnataka. ಈ ತರಹದ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಯ ವಿವರ:-1/653 :- ಸಮಗ್ರ ವಚನ ಸಂಪುಟದ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ-1, ವಚನ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ-1653 (೧೫ ಸಮಗ್ರ ವಚನ ಸಂಪುಟಗಳು, ಕನ್ನಡ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ಪ್ರಾಧಿಕಾರ, ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು. 2001) English translation is from the book „Heaven of Equality“, Translated by Dr. C. R. Yaravintelimath and Dr. M. M. Kalburgi. Pub: Shree Basaveshwara Peetha, Karnataka University Dharwad-580003. 2003.

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A Great Annual Religious Congregation of Lingayat’s

Sharana Mela at Koodala Sangama on the Occasion of Basava Kranthi Day, 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th of January 2021.

Kudala Sangama is a holy religious centre and a piligrim-place to the followers of lingayath religion at which place the great founder-prophet of this Faith Sri Basaveswara left his devine body through Icchāmarana (death at will by yogic way) and became one with that absolute reality like camphor melting in the fire. As such the followers and lovers of his religious decided to congregate here at Kudala Sangama once in a year on the Makara Sankranti day which normally falls on the 14th January.

The first historical Sharana Mela took place in 1988, on January 15th attracting more than three lakhs of people from different corners of not only Karnataka but from all over India. The second and third Sharana Mela (congregation) arranged on January 14th respectively in the years 1989 and 1990 proved to be more result oriented with greater success

Sharana Mela which resembles the Huz is attracting more and more followers of Basava Philosophy year after year. Without any distinction of caste, creed, class and sex, the followers of Basaveswara gather here, pray the Almighty, glorify with gratitude their prophet-founder, Basava and recite Vachanas scriptures – which form their canonical scripture. the over all spectacular view of the congregration, where the wearing of saffron scarfs on white uniform by the sharanas is a special feature beyond description, is quite inspiring. Shrana Mela which is conducted on the Basava Kranti day (Makara Shankranti) i.e normally on the 14th of January is an annual feature of perennial nature.