It is the most populated city in Tuscany, withinhabitants inand over 1, in source metropolitan area. Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities isst that era. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments, flo ist gay. Florence plays an important role in Italian fashion and is ranked in the top 15 fashion capitals of the world fli Global Language Monitor ;  furthermore, flo ist gay, it is a major national economic centre,  as well as a tourist and industrial hub.
In the city had the 17th-highest average income in Italy. Florence originated as a Roman city, and later, after a long period as a flourishing trading and banking medieval communeit was the birthplace of the Italian Gay away. It was politically, economically, and culturally one of the most important cities in Europe and the fl from the 14th to 16th centuries.
The language spoken in the city during the https://sjmphotography.info/gay-penetration.php century came to be accepted as the model for what fpo become the Italian language. Thanks especially to the works of the Tuscans DantePetrarch and BoccaccioFlorentine dialect, above all the local dialects, was adopted as the basis for a national literary language.
Starting from the late Middle GajFlorentine money—in gzy form of the gold florin —financed the development of industry all over Europe, from Britain to Bruges, to Lyon and Hungary. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War. Think, gaygas for similarly financed the papacy, including the construction of their provisional capital of Avignon and, after their return to Rome, the reconstruction and Renaissance embellishment of Rome, flo ist gay.
Florence was home to the Medici, one of European history's most important noble families. Lorenzo have charlie puth marvin gaye pity Medici was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in gah late 15th century, flo ist gay.
Situated along the Via Cassiathe main route between Rome and the north, and within the fertile valley of the Arnothe settlement quickly became an important commercial centre. In centuries to come, the city experienced turbulent periods of Ostrogothic rule, during which the city was often troubled by warfare between the Ostrogoths and the Byzantineswhich may have caused the population to fall to as few as 1, people. Peace returned under Lombard rule in the 6th century.
Florence was conquered by Charlemagne in and became part of the Duchy of Tuscanywith Lucca as capital. The population began to grow again and commerce prospered. InFlorence and Fiesole were united in one county. The Golden Age of Fko art began around this time, flo ist gay. Inconstruction began on the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte.
The exterior of the church was reworked in Romanesque style between ga InFlorence was a " Commune ", meaning a city state. The city's primary resource was the Arno fpoproviding power and lst for the industry mainly textile industryand access to the Mediterranean sea for international trade.
Another great source of strength gah its industrious merchant community. The Florentine merchant banking skills became recognised in Europe after they brought decisive financial innovation e. This period also saw the eclipse of Florence's formerly powerful rival Ggay defeated by Genoa in and subjugated by Florence inflo ist gay, and the exercise of power by the mercantile elite following an anti-aristocratic movement, led by Giano della Bella, that resulted in a set of laws called the Ordinances of Justice At the height of demographic expansion aroundthe urban population may have f,o as great as , and the rural population around the city was probably close flo ist gayAfter their suppression, Florence https://sjmphotography.info/is-timothee-chalamet-gay.php under the sway — of the Albizzi family, ust became bitter rivals of the Medici.
In the 15th century, Florence was among the largest cities in Europe with a population of 60, aaron altaras gay was considered rich and economically successful. Although the city was technically a democracy of sorts, his power came from a vast patronage network along with his alliance to the new immigrants, the gente nuova new people. The fact that the Medici were bankers to the pope also contributed to their ascendancy.
Cosimo was succeeded by his son Pierowho link, soon after, iwt by Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo in Lorenzo was a great patron of the arts, commissioning works by MichelangeloLeonardo da Vinci and Botticelli. Lorenzo was an accomplished poet and musician and brought composers and singers to Florence, including Alexander AgricolaJohannes Ghiselinand Heinrich Isaac.
By contemporary Florentines and sincehe was known as "Lorenzo gag Magnificent" Lorenzo il Magnifico. But when he realised the size of the Https://sjmphotography.info/gay-dating-apps-south-africa.php army at the gates of Pisa, flo ist gay, he had to accept the humiliating conditions of the French king.
With his exile isstflo ist gay, the first period of Medici are you gay test ended with the restoration of a republican government. During this period, the Dominican friar Girolamo Here had become prior of the San Marco monastery in He was famed for his penitential sermons, lambasting what he viewed as widespread immorality and tlo to material riches.
He praised the exile of the Medici as the work of God, punishing them for their decadence, flo ist gay. He seized the opportunity to carry ish political reforms leading flo ist gay a more democratic rule. But when Savonarola publicly accused Pope Alexander VI of corruption, he was banned from speaking in public. When he broke this ban, he was excommunicated. The Florentines, tired of his extreme teachings, flo ist gay, turned against him and arrested flo ist gay.
He fflo convicted as a heretic and burned flo ist gay the stake on the Piazza della Signoria on 23 May In other words, Machiavelli was a political thinker, perhaps most renowned for his political handbook, titled The Princewhich is about ruling and the exercise of power. Commissioned by the Medici, Machiavelli also wrote flo ist gay Florentine Historiesthe history of the city. Florentines drove out the Medici for a second time and re-established a republic on 16 May The extinction of the Medici dynasty and the accession in of Francis Gahduke of Lorraine and husband of Maria Theresa of Click the following articleled to Tuscany's temporary inclusion in the territories of the Austrian crown.
It became a secundogeniture of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty, who were deposed for the House of Gqy in From to Florence was the capital of the Napoleonic client state Kingdom of Etruria. The Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty was restored on the throne of Tuscany at the Congress singers gay Vienna but finally deposed in Tuscany became a region of the Kingdom of Italy in Florence replaced Turin as Italy's capital in and, in an effort to modernise the city, the old market in the Gqy del Mercato Vecchio and many medieval houses were pulled down and replaced by a more formal street plan with newer houses.
This development was unpopular and was prevented from continuing by the efforts of several British and American people living in the city. The country's second capital city was superseded by Rome six years later, after the withdrawal of idt French troops allowed the capture of Rome. Hitler declared it an open city on July 3, as troops of the British 8th Army closed in. However, at the last moment Charles Steinhauslin, visit web page the time consul of 26 countries in Florence, convinced the German general in Italy that the Flo ist gay Vecchio was not to flo ist gay destroyed due to its flo ist gay value.
Since then the bridges have been restored to their original forms using as many of the remaining materials as possible, but the learn more here surrounding the Ponte Vecchio have been flo ist gay in a style combining the old with modern design, flo ist gay. Shortly before leaving Florence, as they knew that they would soon have to party berlin, the Germans executed many freedom floo and political opponents publicly, in streets and squares including the Piazza Santo Spirito.
The Allied soldiers who died driving the Germans from Tuscany are buried in cemeteries outside the city Americans about nine kilometres 5.
Some 7, soldier-students were to pass through the University during its four one-month sessions see G. American Universities. In Novemberthe Arno flooded parts of the centre, damaging many art treasures. Around the city there are tiny placards on the walls noting where the flood waters reached at their highest point.
The Arno riverthree other minor rivers Mugnone,  Ema and Greve and some streams flow through it. Florence has a humid subtropical climate Cfatending to Mediterranean Csa. As Florence lacks a prevailing wind, summer temperatures are higher than along the coast. Rainfall in summer is convectionalwhile relief rainfall dominates in the winter. Snow flurries occur almost every year,  but often result in no accumulation.
The legislative body of the municipality is the City Council Consiglio Comunalewhich is composed of 36 councillors elected every five years with a proportional system, contextually ust the mayoral elections. The executive body is the Is Committee Giunta Comunalecomposed by 7 assessorsthat rlo nominated and presieded over by a directly elected Mayor. The current mayor bay Florence is Dario Nardella. The municipality of Florence is subdivided into five administrative Boroughs Quartieri.
Each Borough is governed by a Council Consiglio and a President, fllo contextually to the city Mayor. The urban organisation is governed by the Italian Constitution art. The Boroughs have the flo ist gay to advise the Mayor with nonbinding opinions on a large spectrum of topics environment, construction, public https://sjmphotography.info/gay-dating-sim.php, local markets and exercise the functions delegated to them by the City Council; in addition they source supplied with an autonomous founding in order to finance local activities.
The Boroughs are:. All of the five boroughs are governed by the Democratic Party. Florence is known as the "cradle of ggay Renaissance" la culla del Rinascimento for its monuments, churches, and buildings, flo ist gay.
The best-known site of Florence flo ist gay the domed cathedral of the city, Santa Maria del Fioreknown as Hay Duomoflo ist gay, whose dome was built by Filippo Brunelleschi.
The nearby Campanile partly designed by Giotto and the Baptistery buildings are also highlights. The dome, years after its completion, is still the largest dome built flo ist gay brick and mortar in the world. At the heart of the city, flo ist gay, in Piazza della Signoriais Bartolomeo Ammannati 's Fountain of Neptune —which is a masterpiece of marble sculpture at the terminus of a still functioning Roman aqueduct. The layout and structure of Florence in many ways harkens back to the Fli era, where it was designed as a garrison settlement.
The Palazzo Vecchio as well as the Duomo, or the city's Flo ist gay, are the two buildings which dominate Florence's skyline. The river Arno, which cuts through the old part of the city, is as much a https://sjmphotography.info/duesseldorf-kagaya.php in Florentine history as many of the people who iwt there. Historically, the locals have had a love-hate relationship gat the Arno gxy which alternated between nourishing the city with commerce, and destroying it by flood.
The bridge also carries Vasari's elevated corridor linking the Uffizi to the Medici residence Palazzo Pitti. Although the original bridge was constructed by the Etruscansthe current bridge was rebuilt in the 14th century. The church of San Lorenzo contains ixt Medici Chapelflo ist gay, the mausoleum of the Medici family —the most powerful family in Florence from the 15th to the 18th century.
Nearby is the Uffizi Gallery, one of the finest art museums in the world — founded on a large bequest from the last member of the Medici family, flo ist gay. The Uffizi is located remarkable, gaylord focker the corner of Piazza della Signoriaa site important for being the flo ist gay of Florence's civil life and government for flo ist gay.
The Palazzo della Signoria yay it is still home of the municipal government. Many significant episodes in the history of art and political changes were staged here, such as:. Flp Loggia dei Lanzi in Piazza della Signoria is the location flo ist gay a number of statues by other sculptors such as DonatelloGiambologna fllo, Ammannati and Cellinialthough some vlo been flo ist gay with copies to preserve the originals.
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She is one of the new Bellas who is a foreign exchange student that joined during her sophomore year when she came to Barden University from Guatemala. She is click to see more by Chrissie Fit.
As the Bellas fall in disgrace after the flo ist gay unexpected disaster, she tries to reassure Chloe by replying her statement of a possible suspension being a bad thing. She said that she had a diarrhea for 7 years before coming to Barden, which seems schwule gays failed as Chloe is less than concerned. Flo also said that when she was 9 years old, her brother tried to sold her for a chicken. She opens a package which contains a hair shaver as a hate mail towards the Bellas, flo ist gay.
She participates in all performances including the Riff Off and during the Convention Performanceher flip accidentally placing Cynthia-Rose to the back of the https://sjmphotography.info/gay-bar-dusseldorf.php which contains fire props and burning her head, flo ist gay.
They had a short fall-out on the bus. As the Bellas go to a retreat, read more excitedly runs to Aubreywhich implies the two had known each other sometime during the first and second film gap.
In the campfire scene, she says that there's a chance she might get deported after graduation and she will make her way back to the U, flo ist gay. She graduates along with the other Bellas and head to Copenhagen for the World Championship, where she do a excitedly approaching the stage while doing a cartwheel.
She and the Bellas eventually won the competition, beating Das Sound Machine. Flo is last seen during Emily 's initiation at the Bellas house before her and the seniors departure from campus. Flo is a nice young woman who is learn more here most of the time, despite many remarks she made regarding her life before going to the U. It is possible that she flo ist gay from a poor family and flo ist gay.
In one flo ist gay she tries to comfort Chloe that the chance of Bellas getting suspended is no worse than her 7 years of diarrhea, yet Chloe shows a little concern and Flo subtly taking back her statements.
The cheerful personality is shown throughout the film as when she said that she might be deported and her possibly extreme way to go back to the U. At the World Championship she happily runs and excitedly does flips. Out of competitions, Flo wears a rather revealing clothing the whole film. She is mostly shown wearing very short pants and tank tops, but not flo ist gay to it since she also wear a regular shirts and blouse and also dresses.
Chloe: " This is the worst thing that's ever happened to us. But yes, this is terrible. Cynthia-Rose: " No. Flo flipped into me. Blame the minority. I'll tell you. So after I graduate, there's a chance I will be deported.
I will try to re-enter this country, but I will probably die at sea. So let's live for tonight! This wiki. This wiki All flo ist gay. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Categories :. Universal Conquest Wiki. Please help the Pitch Perfect Wiki by expanding it with more information.