Cagayan de Oro – Stadt der goldenen Freundschaft

Cagayan de Oro, the „city of golden friendship“ (dt. „Stadt der goldenen Freundschaft“), ist eine moderne und rasant wachsende Stadt im Norden Mindanaos. Offiziell beherbergt sie über 500.000 Menschen, wobei die Dunkelziffer sehr hoch liegen dürfte. Der Name Cagayan de Oro ist ein Name mit geschichtlicher Bedeutung. Rein etymologisch gesehen bedeutet Cagayan „ein Platz mit einem Fluss“. Den Zusatz „de Oro“(oro = Gold) erhielt die Stadt während der spanischen Kolonialzeit, als im Cagayan River, der im Volksmund auch als Cagayan de Oro River bekannt ist, erstmals Gold gefunden wurde.

Hotels in Cagayan de Oro

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Hotels in Cagayan de Oro

Literatur[Bearbeiten]

Ilocos Region: Ilocos Norte • Ilocos Sur • La Union • Pangasinan  –  Cagayan Valley: Batanes • Cagayan • Isabela • Nueva Vizcaya • Quirino  –  Central Luzón: Aurora • Bataan • Bulacan • Nueva Ecija • Pampanga • Tarlac • Zambales  –  CALABARZON: Batangas • Cavite • Laguna • Quezon • Rizal  –  MIMAROPA: Marinduque • Occidental Mindoro • Oriental Mindoro • Romblon • Palawan  –  Bicol Region: Albay • Camarines Norte • Camarines Sur • Catanduanes • Masbate • Sorsogon  –  Cordillera Administrative Region: Abra • Apayao • Benguet • Ifugao • Kalinga • Mountain Province  –  Metro Manila 

Zamboanga Peninsula: Zamboanga del Norte • Zamboanga del Sur • Zamboanga Sibugay  –  Northern Mindanao: Bukidnon • Camiguin • Lanao del Norte • Misamis Occidental • Misamis Oriental  –  Davao Region: Compostela Valley • Davao del Norte • Davao del Sur • Davao Oriental  –  SOCCSKSARGEN: Cotabato • Sarangani • South Cotabato • Sultan Kudarat  –  Caraga: Agusan del Norte • Agusan del Sur • Dinagat Islands • Surigao del Norte • Surigao del Sur  –  ARMM: Basilan • Lanao del Sur • Maguindanao • Sulu • Tawi-Tawi

Western Visayas: Aklan • Antique • Capiz • Guimaras • Iloilo • Negros Occidental  –  Central Visayas: Bohol • Cebu • Negros Oriental • Siquijor  –  Eastern Visayas: Biliran • Eastern Samar • Leyte • Northern Samar • Samar • Southern Leyte

Literatur[Bearbeiten]

TOURISTISCHE BESCHREIBUNG DER PROVINZ CAGAYAN

Im Nordosten der Hauptinsel Luzon liegt die Provinz Cagayan. Die Provinzhauptstadt ist Tuguegarao City und gleichzeitig das Zentrum für Geschäft, Handel und Bildung. Mit zu der Provinz von Cagayan gehört die Inselgruppe Babuyan im Norden mit den Inseln Calayan, Dalupiri, Camiguin (nicht zu verwechseln mit der Insel Camiguin im Norden von Mindanao) und Babuyan Claro. In der Provinz ist eine Stadt und 28 Gemeinden beheimatet.

Im Osten der Provinz Cagayan liegt der Pazifik, im Süden grenzt sie and die Nachbarprovinz Isabela. Die Corillera Mountains begrenzen die Provinz im Westen und im Norden der Balintang Channel und die Inselgruppe Babuyan. Auch wenn die Provinz nur 3 Prozent der gesamten Landesfläche einnimmt, so fliesst hier doch der längste und breiteste Fluss der Philippinen, der Cagayan. In ihm ist der ‚lurung fish‘ zuhause, der gegen den Strom schwimmt um in der Regenzeit sich dort zu vermehren.

Wie so oft hat der Name der Provinz Cagayan etwas mit der dortigen Natur zu tun. Hier stammt der Name von einer Pflanze, die in großen Mengen im nördlichen Teil der Provin wuchs, dem ‚tagay‘. Daraus entstand der Name Catagayan, was so viel bedeutet wie, hier wächst vie tagay. Irgendwann wurde es verkürzt auf Cagayan, den heutigen Namen für die Provinz.

Die Mehrzahl der Menschen in Cagayan stammen von den Ilocano ab und sind Immigranten aus der Ilocos Region. Die Originalbewohner waren einst die frühen Siedler der Ibanags. Diese wurden schon früh von den spanischen Entdeckern gefunden und von den spanischen Missionaren zum Christentum bekehrt.

Produziert wird in der Provinz Cagayan hauptsächlich landwirtschaftliche Produkte wie Reis, Mais, Erdnüsse und Früchte. Größere Zahlen an Nutzvieh sind Rinder, Schweine, Wasserbüffel und Geflügel. In den Küstengebieten herrscht der Fischfang vor. Möbel aus Holz, wie heimischem Hartholz, Rattan, Bambus und anderen einheimischen Materialien aus der Provinz sind ein bekannte Produkte.

Touristisch bekannt ist die Callao Höhle mit ihren sieben Kammern. Abenteurlich veranlagte Reisende kommen in die Provinz Cagayan zum Angeln, Bergsteigen, Flusswanderunge und zum Surfen. Gern besuchte Sehenswürdigkeiten und Orte sind der Leuchtturm am Cape Engano, die Magapit Hängebrücke, die St. Peter Kathedrale und Miraculous Lady of Piat. Hier ist ein Abbild der Heiligen Maria zu sehen, die ein Dominikanermönch im Jahre 1604 von Macao mitbrachte.

TOURISTISCHE BESCHREIBUNG DER PROVINZ CAGAYAN

Literatur[Bearbeiten]

Ilocos Region: Ilocos Norte • Ilocos Sur • La Union • Pangasinan  –  Cagayan Valley: Batanes • Cagayan • Isabela • Nueva Vizcaya • Quirino  –  Central Luzón: Aurora • Bataan • Bulacan • Nueva Ecija • Pampanga • Tarlac • Zambales  –  CALABARZON: Batangas • Cavite • Laguna • Quezon • Rizal  –  MIMAROPA: Marinduque • Occidental Mindoro • Oriental Mindoro • Romblon • Palawan  –  Bicol Region: Albay • Camarines Norte • Camarines Sur • Catanduanes • Masbate • Sorsogon  –  Cordillera Administrative Region: Abra • Apayao • Benguet • Ifugao • Kalinga • Mountain Province  –  Metro Manila 

Zamboanga Peninsula: Zamboanga del Norte • Zamboanga del Sur • Zamboanga Sibugay  –  Northern Mindanao: Bukidnon • Camiguin • Lanao del Norte • Misamis Occidental • Misamis Oriental  –  Davao Region: Compostela Valley • Davao del Norte • Davao del Sur • Davao Oriental  –  SOCCSKSARGEN: Cotabato • Sarangani • South Cotabato • Sultan Kudarat  –  Caraga: Agusan del Norte • Agusan del Sur • Dinagat Islands • Surigao del Norte • Surigao del Sur  –  ARMM: Basilan • Lanao del Sur • Maguindanao • Sulu • Tawi-Tawi

Western Visayas: Aklan • Antique • Capiz • Guimaras • Iloilo • Negros Occidental  –  Central Visayas: Bohol • Cebu • Negros Oriental • Siquijor  –  Eastern Visayas: Biliran • Eastern Samar • Leyte • Northern Samar • Samar • Southern Leyte

Literatur[Bearbeiten]

White Water Rafting im Cagayan River

Der Cagayan River ist geschichtlich und etymologisch untrennbar mit der prosperierenden Stadt im Norden von Mindanao verbunden. Er ist ein echtes Wahrzeichen Cagayan de Oros. Früher, als es noch keine Brücken wie die Ysalina Bridge gab, überquerten die Bewohner den Fluss mit Bancas. Heute gilt der Cagayan River als schöne Touristenattraktion, da er extrem gut für White Water Rafting geeignet ist und wie ein Magnet zahlreiche Besucher anzieht, die Lust auf Rasanz und Abenteuer verspüren.

Ökotourismus in Cagayan de Oro

An sich hat sich Cagayan de Oro als Reiseziel in den letzten Jahren sehr gut entwickelt. Vorbei sind die Zeiten, in denen die Stadt als bloßes „Gateway“ für die schöne Insel Camiguin angesehen wurde – wobei die Nähe zu dieser Trauminsel sicherlich ein Vorzug CdO´s ist. Cagayan de Oro ist mittlerweile selbst zu einer echten Hochburg des Ökotourismus geworden und gilt als eine der schönsten, saubersten und modernsten Städte der Philippinen.

Malasag Eco Village und Mapawa Nature Park

Neben dem Cagayan River zählen das Malasag Eco Village und der Mapawa Nature Park zu den beliebtesten Ausflugszielen von Cagayan de Oro. Das Malasag Eco Village befindet sich in einem zauberhaften Gebiet mit exotischen Pflanzen, alten Bäumen und bunten Orchideen. Der Mapawa Nature Park ist ebenfalls mit einer herrlichen Landschaft gesegnet und bietet neben schönen Wasserfällen eine Vielzahl verschiedener Freizeitmöglichkeiten wie Reiten, Klettern, Baden oder Wandern.

Nur etwa zwanzig Minuten mit dem Auto oder einem Motorrad vom Stadtzentrum entfernt liegt im östlichen Teil das „Malasag eco village“. Diese Anlage liegt schon hoch über der Stadt und von hier aus hat man gute Fernsicht über das Stadtgebiet und die dahinter liegende `Macabalan` Bucht.

Der Weg hinauf in die Berge ist steil, aber die Zufahrtsstraße zum Park ist gut asphaltiert und problemlos befahrbar. Es gibt allerdings noch keine öffentlichen Verkehrsmittel, die planmäßig hierhin fahren würden, also muss man sich selbt um einen Fahrservice bemühen.

Das Malasag eco village befindet sich in einem großflächig neu aufgeforsteten Gebiet mit exotischen Pflanzen, schönem Baumbestand und vielen Orchideen. Ein kleiner, aber artenreicher Zoo ist geschickt in die Anlage integriert. Um diesen Zoo und alle anderen Sehenswürdigkeiten anzuschauen braucht man jedoch ein gute körperliche Verfassung, da die Höhenunterschiede im Park selbst auch schon bemerkenswert sind.

Das Malasag eco village ist ein Kulturdorf eingebettet in einen großen botanischen Garten. Die Schwerpunkte dieser Anlage stehen im Zusammenhang mit Ökotourismus und der Absicht, praktische und

künstlerische Fähigkeiten einheimischer Stämme Mindanaos wie beispielsweise der Subanons, Ifugaos und anderer zu erhalten und zu pflegen. Gleichzeitig eröffnen sich dadurch auch viele Möglichkeiten, für Angehörige dieser Minderheiten Einkommen und gar Existenzgrundlagen zu schaffen, sei es bei Aufführungen in diversen Tanzgruppen, oder als Angestellte in einem der Parkressorts, Restaurants oder Souvenirläden.

Einem Besuch im Malasag eco village sollte man einen ganzen Tag widmen. Hier gibt es auch einen großen „Swimming-Pool“ in dem man sich nach anstrengenden Spaziergängen abkühlen kann. Für das leibliche Wohl ist ebenfalls bestens gesorgt.

Hotels, Resorts und Unterkünfte in Cagayan de Oro

Cagayan de Oro hat, was Freizeit, Sport und Abenteuer anbelangt, sehr viel zu bieten, weshalb sich die Gastronomie vor Ort zusehends verbessert. Erstklassige Hotels, schöne Resorts* und einladende Restaurants sprießen wie Pilze aus dem Boden. Wer auf der Suche nach einem Ferienhaus ist, kann in Cagayan de Oro auch eine schöne private Unterkunft finden.

CdO bietet sich zudem hervorragend als Ausgangspunkt an, um die nahe gelegene Provinz Bukidnon zu besuchen. Jährlich findet in der Hauptstadt Malaybalay ein Festival statt, bei welchem viele einheimische Tribes zusammenkommen und die Tradition wieder aufleben lassen. Mit dem Bus ist diese Stadt in ca. 2 Stunden zu erreichen.

Für echte Abenteurer bietet sich auch die komplette Überfahrt quer durch Zentral-Mindanao bis nach Davao City an. Hierbei kann sich der Reisende auf sehr schöne Aussichten freuen, vorbei an grünen Tälern und echtem philippinischen Indianerland. Je nach Wetter und Bus kann diese Fahrt allerdings bis zu 12 Stunden dauern.

Sunset mit Blick auf die Bucht von Cagayan de Oro. Aufgenommen vom Malasag House aus im April 2013.

Anreise nach Cagayan

CdO ist von Manila und Cebu City aus leicht per Flugzeug zu erreichen. Allerdings wird sich der neue Flughafen ca. 50 km Kilometer entfernt in Richtung Iligan City befinden. Vom Flughafen aus fahren dann z.B. Vans in Richtung Innenstadt. Alternativ können wir die Übernachtfahrt mit der Fähre von Cebu aus empfehlen, die ca. 12 Stunden dauert. Cagayan de Oro, die prosperierende Stadt im Norden von Mindanao, ist durchaus eine Reise wert. Nicht umsonst wird sie von ihren Bewohnern als „Stadt der goldenen Freundschaft“ bezeichnet – wir haben die Haupstadt von Misamis Oriental auch schon häufig mit vielen Freunden besucht:D

Wie wird das Wetter heute in Cagayan de Oro?

In Cagayan de Oro ziehen morgens Wolkenfelder durch bei Werten von 26°C. Im Laufe des Mittags überwiegt dichte Bewölkung aber es bleibt trocken bei Höchsttemperaturen bis zu 30°C. Abends ist es in Cagayan de Oro vielfach wolkig und die Temperaturen liegen zwischen 26 und 28 Grad. Nachts bleibt es bedeckt bei Werten von 26°C.

Stündliche Vorhersage Cagayan de Oro

Die gezeigten Wetter-Informationen sind sogenannte Punkt-Termin-Prognosen. Wetter, Temperatur, Windrichtung und Geschwindigkeit, Luftdruck, relative Luftfeuchte und Bewölkungsgrad werden für den jeweiligen Ort (Punkt) zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt (Termin) auf der Zeitachse angezeigt. Die Niederschlagswahrscheinlichkeit und die Niederschlagsmenge dagegen beziehen sich immer auf die gesamte Stunde.

Das Wetter in Cagayan de Oro 18.04.2021

In Cagayan de Oro ziehen morgens Wolkenfelder durch bei Werten von 26°C. Im Laufe des Mittags überwiegt dichte Bewölkung aber es bleibt trocken bei Höchsttemperaturen bis zu 30°C. Abends ist es in Cagayan de Oro vielfach wolkig und die Temperaturen liegen zwischen 26 und 28 Grad. Nachts bleibt es bedeckt bei Werten von 26°C.

Wettervorhersage Cagayan

Wetterbericht Cagayan

In den nächsten Tagen zeigt sich das Wetter in der Region Cagayan zunächst teils bewölkt, teils freundlich, am Dienstag dann sonnig. Es bleibt niederschlagsfrei. Die Tageshöchsttemperaturen liegen für Cagayan bei etwa 29 Grad. Es weht ein zum Teil starker Wind aus nordwestlicher Richtung. Die Wassertemperatur beträgt 29°C.

Wetter Cagayan

Das Wetter für Cagayan im Überblick. Mit dem RegenRadar verfolgen Sie live Regen, Schnee und Wolken. Ob Regen, Wind, Regenrisiko, Temperatur oder Sonnenstunden – alle Wetterdaten der Region Cagayan finden Sie hier im Detail. Und wenn sich das Wetter wieder einmal von seiner extremen Seite zeigt, finden Sie auf dieser Seite eine entsprechende Unwetterwarnung für Cagayan.

Wettervorhersage Cagayan de Oro

Wetterbericht Cagayan de Oro

In den nächsten Tagen präsentiert sich das Wetter unterschiedlich bewölkt. Am Montag kann es zu Gewittern kommen. Die Tageshöchsttemperaturen liegen für Cagayan de Oro bei etwa 28 Grad. Vor allem am Montag weht ein zum Teil starker Wind aus südwestlicher Richtung. Die Wassertemperatur beträgt 29°C.

Wetter Cagayan de Oro

Das Wetter für Cagayan de Oro im Überblick. Mit dem RegenRadar verfolgen Sie live Regen, Schnee und Wolken. Ob Regen, Wind, Regenrisiko, Temperatur oder Sonnenstunden – alle Wetterdaten der Region Cagayan de Oro finden Sie hier im Detail. Und wenn sich das Wetter wieder einmal von seiner extremen Seite zeigt, finden Sie auf dieser Seite eine entsprechende Unwetterwarnung für Cagayan de Oro.

Red Planet Cagayan De Oro

Das Red Planet Cagayan De Oro liegt jeweils einen 10-minütigen Spaziergang von den Einkaufszentren Gaisano, Limketkai Centre and Centrio entfernt. Ich bin schon viele Male im Red Planet gewesen, weil gemütliches Bett, gute Dusche, gute Klimaanlage und Preisleistung gut. Nur jetzt wo ich während Corona Krise nicht ausreisen kann seit 4 Wochen! fehlt mir doch eine Minibar, Heißwasserbereiter für Kaffee und ein Stuhl.

Limketkai Luxe Hotel

Das Limketkai Luxe Hotel begrüßt Sie in Cagayan de Oro mit einem Infinity-Pool, einem Restaurant und einem Wellnesscenter mit einer Sauna, 200 m von der Limketkai Mall entfernt. Bestes Hotel in Cagayan de Oro.

The Urban Pod Hotel

Das The Urban Pod Hotel begrüßt Sie in Cagayan de Oro, 1,4 km vom The Atrium entfernt. Es bietet Unterkünfte mit einem Restaurant, kostenfreie Privatparkplätze, eine Bar und eine Gemeinschaftslounge. Breakfast in the morning, lovely staff, excellent rooms

Seda Centrio

Set within Centrio Mall in Cagayan de Oro, 350 metres from SM CDO Downtown Premier and 750 metres from Robinsons Cagayan, Seda Centrio features an outdoor swimming pool, a fitness centre, and a…- Große und geräumige Zimmer – Sehr sauberes Bad – großer Pool – nettes Personal – sehr gutes und reichhaltiges Frühstück – sehr gutes Restaurant – top Bar – nettes Personal – ruhige Zimmer

New Dawn Plus

Das New Dawn Plus begrüßt Sie in Cagayan de Oro, 39 km vom Abenteuerpark Dahilayan entfernt. Freuen Sie sich auf ein Restaurant und kostenfreies WLAN in der gesamten Unterkunft. Saubere und komfortable Zimmer

RedDoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro

Das reddoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro liegt in Cagayan de Oro, weniger als 1 km vom The Atrium entfernt, und bietet Zimmer mit Klimaanlage. Very good service at front desk and everywhere. The Staffs are professional, warm, and willing to make your stay feel like home. Far from the airport but close to restaurants and malls.

G-Galyx Inn Hotel

Das G-Galyx Inn Hotel liegt in Cagayan de Oro, 1,1 km vom Atrium entfernt. Es bietet Unterkünfte mit kostenfreiem WLAN und kostenfreie Privatparkplätze. Staff are very accommodating, the surrounding areas are safe and you can even get street foods for your dinner. it is just a walking distance going to LIMKETKAI, CENTRIO and SM DOWNTOWN. Across the place is a FIRE STATION…

Bridge Hotel

Das Bridge Hotel liegt 2,5 km vom The Atrium entfernt und bietet klimatisierte Zimmer in Cagayan de Oro. Alle Zimmer verfügen über einen Flachbild-Kabel-TV und ein eigenes Bad. The room is very clean and comfy and the price is worth it,,,

Emerald Suites CDO

Im Herzen von Cagayan de Oro erwartet Sie das Emerald Suites mit hellen Zimmern mit kostenfreiem WLAN und einem Privatparkplatz, 900 m vom Limketkai Centre entfernt. Das Wlan war sehr gut und das Frühstück auch

GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro

Das GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro bietet einfache und komfortable Unterkünfte mit kostenfreiem WLAN-Zugang in den öffentlichen Bereichen sowie eine 24-Stunden-Rezeption. I would love to say that my guest I booked this room was very very happy with the hotel staff and cleanliness and accommodation , very professional and very friendly people. I booked that room so that my guest can study for her teacher board exam and I asked for a quit room and they did got a very quit room to study !!!!!Kudos to the GV hotel and I will book another room for the future !!!!!!Mabuhay

RedDoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro

Das reddoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro liegt in Cagayan de Oro, weniger als 1 km vom The Atrium entfernt, und bietet Zimmer mit Klimaanlage. Very good service at front desk and everywhere.

Emerald Suites CDO

Im Herzen von Cagayan de Oro erwartet Sie das Emerald Suites mit hellen Zimmern mit kostenfreiem WLAN und einem Privatparkplatz, 900 m vom Limketkai Centre entfernt. Das Wlan war sehr gut und das Frühstück auch

1A Express Hotel

Das 1A Express Hotel begrüßt Sie in Cagayan de Oro, Region Mindanao, weniger als 1 km vom Atrium entfernt. A bit too many mosquitoes in the building but otherwise excellent hotel and staff.

OYO 711 Goff’s Place

Sie wohnen 38 km vom Abenteuerpark Dahilayan entfernt. Das OYO 711 Goff’s Place in Cagayan de Oro bietet Zimmer mit Klimaanlage und kostenfreiem WLAN. Dieses 2-Sterne-Hotel bietet einen Zimmerservice….

Our Story Boutique Hotel

In Cagayan de Oro, 35 km vom Abenteuerpark Dahilayan entfernt, bietet das Our Story Boutique Hotel Unterkünfte mit einem Restaurant, kostenfreie Privatparkplätze, einen Außenpool und ein…

RedDoorz near Centrio Mall Cagayan De Oro City

Das 1,1 km vom The Atrium entfernte reddoorz near Centrio Mall Cagayan De Oro City begrüßt Sie in Cagayan de Oro und bietet klimatisierte Zimmer mit kostenfreiem WLAN. Accommodation looks a little bit old but well kept. So far, I had a great stay.

Wie viel kostet heute Abend eine Übernachtung in einem Hotel in Cagayan de Oro?

Die Buchung eines 3-Sterne Hotels in Cagayan de Oro kostet heute Abend durchschnittlich € 33,48 pro Nacht. Sie zahlen durchschnittlich etwa € 112,15, wenn Sie sich heute Abend für einen Aufenthalt in einem 4-Sterne-Hotel entscheiden, während ein 5-Sterne-Hotel in Cagayan de Oro etwa € 86,92 kosten wird (basiert auf Preisen von ).

Wie viel kostet dieses Wochenende eine Übernachtung in einem Hotel in Cagayan de Oro?

Der Durchschnittspreis pro Nacht in einem 3-Sterne-Hotel in Cagayan de Oro beträgt dieses Wochenende € 34,28 und in einem 4-Sterne-Hotel € 112,15. Es soll etwas luxuriöser werden? 5-Sterne-Hotels in Cagayan de Oro kosten dieses Wochenende durchschnittlich etwa € 97,79 pro Nacht (basiert auf Preisen von ).

Welche Hotels in Cagayan de Oro haben ein besonders gutes Frühstück?

Was Hotels in Cagayan de Oro angeht, die ein gut bewertetes Frühstück haben, sollten Sie sich die Unterkünfte Emerald Suites CDO und 1A Express Hotel ansehen.

Wie viel kostet eine Übernachtung in einem Hotel in Cagayan de Oro?

3-Sterne-Hotels in Cagayan de Oro kosten durchschnittlich € 24,78 pro Nacht und 4-Sterne-Hotels in Cagayan de Oro € 78,54 pro Nacht. Wenn Sie auf der Suche nach etwas Besonderem sind, dann finden Sie ein 5-Sterne-Hotel in Cagayan de Oro für durchschnittlich € 65,25 pro Nacht (basiert auf Preisen von ).

Fehler:Bitte geben Sie eine gültige E-Mail-Adresse an

Vielen Dank! Wir haben Ihnen eine E-Mail geschickt, damit Sie Ihre Anmeldung abschließen können

GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro

I would love to say that my guest I booked this room was very very happy with the hotel staff and cleanliness and accommodation , very professional and very friendly people. I booked that room so that my guest can study for her teacher board exam and I asked for a quit room and they did got a very quit room to study !!!!!Kudos to the GV hotel and I will book another room for the future !!!!!!Mabuhay

Red Planet Cagayan De Oro

Ich bin schon viele Male im Red Planet gewesen, weil gemütliches Bett, gute Dusche, gute Klimaanlage und Preisleistung gut. Nur jetzt wo ich während Corona Krise nicht ausreisen kann seit 4 Wochen! fehlt mir doch eine Minibar, Heißwasserbereiter für Kaffee und ein Stuhl.

G-Galyx Inn Hotel

Staff are very accommodating, the surrounding areas are safe and you can even get street foods for your dinner. it is just a walking distance going to LIMKETKAI, CENTRIO and SM DOWNTOWN. Across the place is a FIRE STATION…

History[edit]

Cagayan has been inhabited since prehistoric times, through anthropological and archaeological finds such as the Callao Man, and the Lal-lo and Gattaran Shell Middens. The first inhabitants are hunter-gatherers specialized in hunting mollusks; they were believed to be Negritos ( tribes, have driven the Negritos into the mountains at the eastern coast.

Civilizations have thrived long in the province before Spanish colonization. Locals have traded with the Chinese and Japanese, and there are also records of a Japanese pirate kingdom in Cagayan, which lasted until 1582.

The Spaniards first came in 1581, on an expedition to explore the areas north of the Caraballo mountain range and east of the Cordillera Central, and convert the locals to Catholicism. Conquistador Juan de Salcedo, sent to explore the coast of northern Luzon, also landed at the areas now occupied by the towns of Pamplona and Aparri.

Cagayan used to cover all of the Cagayan Valley region during Spanish times. Founded in 1583 by royal decree, it included all of present-day Cagayan Valley, Batanes, and parts of the provinces of Kalinga and Apayao, until the new provinces were carved out from 1839 afterwards. The original capital was in Lal-lo, then the town of Nueva Segovia, also the namesake of the Roman Catholic archdiocese which now has its seat in Vigan and includes the provinces of Ilocos SurAbraBenguet.

Climate[edit]

Cagayan has all of the three tropical climate regimes of the Philippines, but the two most prominent are the tropical monsoon and the tropical savanna regimes.

The province is at the heart of the typhoon belt, and has weather stations that are vital for typhoon tracking. Typhoons generally strike the province during the rainiest months, from August to October.

Cagayan’s overall climate is rainy, with a short dry season lasting from either January or February to April. The northeast monsoon () from Siberia and moist air masses from the Pacific brings much of the rain, and the province generally gets 85 rainy days a year.

Red Planet Cagayan De Oro

Red Planet Cagayan De Oro is located within a 10-minute walk of Gaisano Mall, Limketkai Center and Centrio Mall. It features a 24-hour front desk, nonsmoking rooms and a luggage storage service. Location is close to everything

New Dawn Plus

Set in Cagayan de Oro, 24 mi from Dahilayan Adventure Park, New Dawn Plus features a restaurant and free WiFi throughout the property. Very well cleaned rooms polite and friendly staffs

G-Galyx Inn Hotel

Located in Cagayan de Oro, 0.7 mi from The Atrium, G-Galyx Inn Hotel features accommodations with free WiFi and free private parking. Staff are very accommodating, the surrounding areas are safe and you can even get street foods for your dinner. it is just a walking distance going to LIMKETKAI, CENTRIO and SM DOWNTOWN. Across the place is a FIRE STATION…

Limketkai Luxe Hotel

Featuring an infinity pool, restaurant and wellness center with sauna, Limketkai Luxe Hotel is in Cagayan de Oro, 656 feet from the Limketkai Mall. The stay was amazing. Room Cleaning was quick and thurough. Really enjoyed the pool. The breakfasts were amazing everyday. Too many options to choose from and always some local favorites. I cant wait to come back and stay again.

The Urban Pod Hotel

Set in Cagayan de Oro, 0.9 mi from The Atrium, The Urban Pod Hotel offers accommodations with a restaurant, free private parking, a bar and a shared lounge. Breakfast in the morning, lovely staff, excellent rooms

Seda Centrio

Set within Centrio Mall in Cagayan de Oro, 1148 feet from SM CDO Downtown Premier and 2461 feet from Robinsons Cagayan, Seda Centrio features an outdoor swimming pool, a fitness center, and a 24-hour…Location was excellent. Very near to 4 shopping malls. Very clean, staffs were friendly. The receptionist was very kind i forgot to get the name but he gave me good room with nice view.

Bridge Hotel

Located 1.6 mi from The Atrium, Bridge Hotel provides rooms with air conditioning in Cagayan de Oro. All rooms feature a flat-screen TV with cable channels and a private bathroom. The room is very clean and comfy and the price is worth it,,,

Emerald Suites CDO

Located in the heart of Cagayan de Oro City, Emerald Suites offers brightly-lit accommodations with free WiFi and private parking, 2953 feet away from Limketkai Center. Great location. Staffs are nice. I have to leave early for Camiguin so they gave me packed breakfast instead.

GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro

Operating a 24-hour front desk, GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro offers basic and comfy accommodations with free WiFi access in its public areas. I would love to say that my guest I booked this room was very very happy with the hotel staff and cleanliness and accommodation , very professional and very friendly people. I booked that room so that my guest can study for her teacher board exam and I asked for a quit room and they did got a very quit room to study !!!!!Kudos to the GV hotel and I will book another room for the future !!!!!!Mabuhay

OYO 564 Casa Marga

Located in Cagayan de Oro, Mindanao region, OYO 564 Casa Marga is set 1.4 mi from The Atrium. thank you so much for the smooth and comfortable stay! everything is so nice, including the facilities and the location of the place. totally recommendable!

RedDoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro

Located in Cagayan de Oro, less than 0.6 mi from The Atrium, RedDoorz near Lapasan Plaza Cagayan de Oro provides rooms with air conditioning. Very good service at front desk and everywhere.

Emerald Suites CDO

Located in the heart of Cagayan de Oro City, Emerald Suites offers brightly-lit accommodations with free WiFi and private parking, 2953 feet away from Limketkai Center. Great location. Staffs are nice. I have to leave early for Camiguin so they gave me packed breakfast…

OYO 679 Ddd Habitat Pension House

Located in Cagayan de Oro, within 24 mi of Dahilayan Adventure Park and 1.3 mi of The Atrium, OYO 679 Ddd Habitat Pension House features accommodations with a shared lounge and free WiFi throughout…

OYO 584 Grace Residence Hall

Grace Residence Hall is located in Cagayan de Oro, a 5-minute drive from the city proper. Offering air-conditioned rooms, it provides free parking and free Wi-Fi throughout the property.

Our Story Boutique Hotel

Set in Cagayan de Oro, 22 mi from Dahilayan Adventure Park, Our Story Boutique Hotel offers accommodations with a restaurant, free private parking, an outdoor swimming pool and a fitness center.

RedDoorz near Centrio Mall Cagayan De Oro City

Located in Cagayan de Oro, Mindanao region, RedDoorz near Centrio Mall Cagayan De Oro City is located 0.7 mi from The Atrium. Accommodation looks a little bit old but well kept. So far, I had a great stay.

How much does it cost to stay in a hotel in Cagayan de Oro?

On average, 3-star hotels in Cagayan de Oro cost $30 per night, and 4-star hotels in Cagayan de Oro are $94 per night. If you’re looking for something really special, a 5-star hotel in Cagayan de Oro can be found for $78 per night, on average (based on prices).

How much is a hotel in Cagayan de Oro for tonight?

On average, it costs $40 per night to book a 3-star hotel in Cagayan de Oro for tonight. You’ll pay around $134 if you choose to stay in a 4-star hotel tonight, while a 5-star hotel in Cagayan de Oro will cost around $104, on average (based on prices).

How much is a hotel in Cagayan de Oro for this weekend?

The average price per night for a 3-star hotel in Cagayan de Oro this weekend is $41 or, for a 4-star hotel, $134. Looking for something even fancier? 5-star hotels in Cagayan de Oro for this weekend cost around $117 per night, on average (based on prices).

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GV Hotel – Cagayan de Oro

I would love to say that my guest I booked this room was very very happy with the hotel staff and cleanliness and accommodation , very professional and very friendly people. I booked that room so that my guest can study for her teacher board exam and I asked for a quit room and they did got a very quit room to study !!!!!Kudos to the GV hotel and I will book another room for the future !!!!!!Mabuhay

G-Galyx Inn Hotel

Staff are very accommodating, the surrounding areas are safe and you can even get street foods for your dinner. it is just a walking distance going to LIMKETKAI, CENTRIO and SM DOWNTOWN. Across the place is a FIRE STATION…

Duterte certifies as urgent 3 economic bills

CAGAYAN was submerged in water late Friday night in what local authorities described as the “worst” flooding in the region since 1981, killing more than a dozen people and affecting over 300,000 others, authorities said on Saturday.

The heavy floods were caused by the release of water from the Magat Dam and the continuous downpour from the weather disturbances that hit the region, the most recent of which was Typhoon “Ulysses” (international name: “Vamco”).

With the level at the Magat Dam, Cagayan’s reservoir, rising to 192.99 meters, .01 meters short of its spilling level of 193 meters at 10 p.m., the National Irrigation Administration-Magat River Integrated Irrigation System (NIA-Mariis) was forced to open all of its seven spillway gates to about 30 meters, releasing over 6,000 cubic meters per second (cms) of water late Friday night.

At least 16 people were confirmed dead from the floods and a total of 343,202 residents in 22 cities and municipalities in Cagayan province, 25 cities and municipalities in Isabela, 15 municipalities in Nueva Vizcaya and five municipalities in Quirino were affected, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) said.

The NIA-Mariis said it was necessary to release water from the reservoir to prevent the dam from reaching its spilling level which as of 2 p.m. on Saturday, was down to 192.18 or .82 meters from its spilling level at 193 meters with an inflow of 1,153 m3/s and outflow of 1,340 m3/s as only two spillway gates were opened at 4 meters.

Malacañang said President Rodrigo Duterte was saddened by the situation but was “on top of the situation.”

Palace spokesman Harry Roque Jr. told a virtual press briefing that Duterte, who was currently attending the virtual summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, was “in constant communication” with the NDRRMC; Departments of Defense, Social Welfare and Development, Health, Public Works and Highways; and other concerned government agencies and denied reports that the government was “caught unaware” by the situation in Region 2 (Cagayan Valley).

Affirming the President’s promise that “no one will be left behind,” Roque said the government would use all its resources to help the region.

“As early as dawn yesterday, the Department of Transportation, through the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), has been working round-the-clock with the rescue of 15 individuals in Modelro, Sitio Pantalan and Pantabangan in Tumauini, Isabela; 50 individuals in Barangay 12, Tuguegarao City; 47 individuals in Pengue Ruyu, Tuguegarao City; 13 individuals in Caritan Norte, Diversion Road, and Anufuan West, Tuguegarao City; and 70 individuals in Linao East, Tuguegarao City,” Roque said in a separate statement.

The PCG deployed the first convoy of augmentation, composed of 10 rescue personnel, one multipurpose vehicle, one truck and several newly-procured rubber boats, and the second convoy of deployable response groups or DRGs of 60 rescue and medical personnel, two buses, one 12-wheeler boom truck, two M-35 trucks, and a total of seven drivers to aid the ongoing rescue operations in Isabela, Tuguegarao, and Cagayan, Roque said.

The rescuers are also equipped with two rubber boats and three generator sets, as well as 44 drums of fuel for the rescue assets and vehicles.

The Palace official said another convoy, composed of two trucks, was also on its way after loading 20 drums of fuel for the two Coast Guard airbus light twin engine helicopters that will be used to conduct aerial extraction.

Roque said the Philippine National Police deployed 747 Search and Rescue personnel and 1,003 Reactionary Standby Support Force in Region 2 as of 6 a.m. on Saturday.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), particularly the Northern Luzon Command (Nolcom), shifted efforts from counterinsurgency to search, rescue, retrieval and relief operations in the Cordillera Administrative Region and Region 2.

In addition, Roque said that two Hueys were sent by Nolcom from Clark to Cauayan, Isabela for operations in Cagayan, particularly Tuguegarao, for rescue and relief delivery operations to communities isolated by not passable roads.

NDRRMC spokesman Mark Timbal told The Manila Times in a text message that more than 3,700 personnel were deployed to support the 24-hour rescue operations of the local government units (LGUs) “despite the strong currents of the flood waters and low visibility.”

Vice President Maria Leonor “Leni” Robredo mobilized her team to help out in coordinating with various rescue teams from the military and police.

In a Facebook Live video on Friday evening — just right after relief operations in Marikina City and Rizal — Robredo said she had immediately mobilized her security team after reading social media posts calling for help from the Northern part of the country.

“Our prayers for Cagayan and Isabela. Reading posts now of people asking to be rescued. We deployed our security team to coordinate with AFP all the calls for rescue we are reading now. Will be monitoring and will post updates,” she said in a separate Twitter post on Friday evening.

In a radio interview, Col. Ascio Macalan, Cagayan’s disaster official, said the province has turned into the “Pacific Ocean.”

A total of 13,954 persons were staying in evacuation centers while 3,798 residents were evacuated but staying with their relatives, the NDRRMC said.

Lt. Col. Rowan Rimas, Marine Battalion Landing Team 10 commanding officer, appealed to authorities saying, “Cagayan needs help. They need us. Let us help them please.”

“The highway, the roads just vanished. Truly heartbreaking. Words can’t explain what I am feeling right now. I know God will give us the strength to overcome this,” Rimas said.

He said it had been two hours and they had yet to reach the town of Iguig, which is north of Tuguegarao City, but was optimistic that “we will get there, slowly.”

“For now, I’ll stick to my mission. Bring my Marines in Tuguegarao at all costs and save as many lives as possible. Those people we passed by are in dire need of drinking water and food. We shared some of our rations with them,” Rimas said.

Gov. Manuel Mamba said Cagayan province has been placed under a state of calamity by virtue of Resolution 2020-10-768 released by the provincial board special session.

The resolution said, “The closure of roads and bridges, destruction of communities, agriculture, livestock and other infrastructures have gravely affected the lives of the people.”

Damaged infrastructure, crops, livestock and property in Cagayan have yet to be determined, according to the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (PDRRMO).

PDRRMO officials also confirmed a total of eight fatalities, four in Baggao town who died from a landslide, one drowned and two electrocuted in Alcala, and one drowned in Tuguegarao City.

It was during the downpour by Ulysses on Wednesday that caused some 20 rivers to swell and fill up the Cagayan River, causing massive flooding and landslides in Nueva Vizcaya, Isabela and Cagayan provinces.

The Cagayan River, which is also known as Rio Grande de Cagayan, is the longest river and largest river by discharge volume of water in the Philippines with a total length of approximately 505 kilometers and a drainage basin covering 27,753 square kilometers. It traverses Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Isabela and Cagayan.

Engineer Carlo Ablan, NIA-Mariis Flood Forecasting and Instrument Section head, said the Magat River system, whose water was impounded at the Magat Dam reservoir, is one of 20 Cagayan River’s tributaries.

The other Cagayan River tributaries that largely contributed to the swelling of Cagayan River were the rivers of Diduyon, Addalam, Dabubu, Dibuluan, Dumatata, Ganano, Diadi, Disabungan, Ilagan, Bintacan, Tumauini, Pinacanauan de Cabagan, Pinacanauan, Mallig, Sifu, Taotao, Pared, Chico and Dummon.

Mamba said the provincial government deployed rescuers to help 13,000 families or 47,000 residents who were severely affected by the floods caused by Ulysses and the monsoon rains.

Rogelio Sending Jr., Cagayan provincial information officer, said 20 out of 29 towns and Tuguegarao City have been either isolated or flooded as villagers trooped to evacuation centers, higher grounds or relatives.

The province has been literally in a sea of floodwater, the highest in 40 years while Buntun Bridge and Namabbalan are closed to traffic so as to protect motorists, Sending added.

Buntun Bridge’s level is down to 12.8-meters, lower than than the 13.3 meters recorded on Friday night.

Many villagers in 156 villages from 24 towns and in Tuguegarao City were trapped on their rooftops, which have become their temporary shelters.

Robredo said the same security team had handled rescue coordination efforts in Marikina City and Rizal at the height of the onslaught of Ulysses, that had also left residents stranded on roofs of houses on Thursday.

House of Representatives’ Committee on Ways and Means Chairman and Albay Second District Rep. Jose Maria “Joey” Salceda asked LGUs that had not been affected by recent typhoons to mobilize their untapped calamity funds toward assisting devastated provinces such as Cagayan and Isabela.

Prior to Ulysses, Typhoons “Quinta” and “Rolly” had also devastated the Bicol Region in a span of weeks. Salceda stressed the need to assist affected LGUs as many have used up much of their resources for pandemic response.

Salceda pointed out that the unaffected LGUs may transfer underutilized local disaster risk reduction management funds to support other LGUs declared under state of calamity, which is provided under Section 21 of the Republic Act 10121 or “Philippine Disaster Reduction and Management Act.”

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Topography

Cagayan is a vast bio-diverse expanse of plains and valleys, bordered by mountains, running north to south both on its east and west ramparts. It is crisscrossed by rivers and creeks, the largest of which is the Cagayan River, which originates from Quirino, and traverses the Province from south to north. The larger tributaries of the Cagayan River are the Pinacanauan River in Peñablanca in the southeast; the Dummun River in Gattaran and the Pared River in Alcala, both in central Cagayan; and the Zinundungan River in Lasam and the Matalag River in Rizal, both in the west. The other rivers in the Province are the Chico River in southwest Cagayan at Tuao, the Pata River and Abulug River in the northwest, River in the northeast. These rivers drain the plains and valleys of the Province, and provide water for domestic and irrigation purposes, as well.

Of its total land area, 28.19% or 253,831 hectares are flat to nearly level land (See Slope Classification Table). This consists of alluvial plains, river deltas, low wetlands, mangroves, and beaches. Most of these are found contiguous to the bodies of water, especially along the Cagayan, Pared, Dummun, Pinacanauan, Abulug, and Chico rivers. These areas are planted to rice and corn, and are inundated during the wet season. The gentle and moderate slopes of the province, which constitute 6.08% and 13.48%, respectively of the total land area of the province are mostly contiguous to the level land, enclosing the plains of the meandering rivers and creeks. This arrangement forms the various dales or valleys found in between the hills of the province.

Resources

Cagayan is richly endowed with mineral and forest resources. It has many things to offer to natural sciences scholars, eco-tourists and resource-based investors.

For Tourists and Visitors: Panoramic beaches, cavernous caves, verdant valleys, thunderous waterfalls, swift rapids, breathtaking vistas are the initial Cagayan’s nature’s delights and wonders. The vast coastal shores and yonder seas are further game fishing and sea-turtle-, dolphin- and whale-watching adventure playgrounds.

For investors: Vast croplands, grasslands, production forests, marine and inland waters, huge mineral deposits, proximity to the emerging dragons of East Asia, a pliable, skillful and plentiful workforce, and bio-diverse resources await them.

Agriculture

The Province is among the major agriculturalproducts suppliers of the National Capital Region, especially for grains and legumes. Rice, corn, vegetables, sugar, mango, cassava, banana, cacao, coffee, tubers, watermelon and other agricultural crops abound in the Province.

Cagayan is also Region 2’s major livestock producer. It has the third largest population of carabaos in the entire country, with a total of more than 138,000 heads. Majority of Cagayan’s stocks are native carabaos, however, new breeds are being introduced for meat and dairy. The cattle population of the Province is more than 37,000 heads.

Production of cattle, carabao, goat, and sheep, both for meat and dairy, has a great potential for development in Cagayan owing to the wide expanse of available pasture lands and disease free local stock. Commercial hog and poultry raising are also growing industries in the Province. The Province’s sizeable food harvests can support large-scale food processing and animal feed milling industries.

Forests

Forests cover half of Cagayan’s total land forests are a rich source of timber, rattan, bamboo and nipa. Medium and smallscale wood processors transform these raw materials into furniture, builder’s woodworks, gifts, toys and houseware items which are exported to Japan, Taiwan, United States and Europe.

Industrial and orchard tree plantations for gmelina, narra, mahogany, acacia mangium, mango, citrus and other fruit-bearing trees, cacao and others are viable endeavors in Cagayan.

Tree plantations in conjunction with the reforestation efforts of the government are expected to sustain the increasing growth of the Province’s furniture industry that would result in the generation of employment and higher export earnings for the Province.

Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

Cagayan’s coastline is one of the longest in the country having almost 73% of Cagayan Valley Region’s coasts. This is aside from the large rivers and their tributaries, lakes, creeks and streams which are also rich fishing and aquaculture grounds. Untapped coastal fishing grounds stretch from the towns of Sta. Praxedes in the west to Sta. Ana on the east, on its northern coast facing the Babuyan Channel (China Sea); and from Sta. Ana down to Peñablanca on its eastern coast facing the Philippine Sea (Pacific Ocean). Despite this endowment, the Province’s fish production is not even enough to supply and sustain its own fish requirements.

Deep sea fishing is not a common occurrence in the Province – thus, foreign poachers are the ones reaping the bounties of its seas. Cagayan’s deep seas are known for species like tuna, tuna-like fishes, hairtail, snapper, scad, slipmouth, mullet, grouper, shrimp, squid, and lobsters. The inland waters are used primarily by subsistence fishermen. Few privately-operated fishponds and fish cages contribute to the overall fish supply of the Province. Only about 1,893.84 are used for fishpond operations. Out of which, 1,369.22 hectares are used for brackish fishpond operations. A total of 46,303 cubic meters are used by various cooperators for fish cage operations. Out of which, 41,034 cubic meters are used for brackish fish caging. Buguey has the widest area for fishponds and Sanchez Mira has the highest fish cage cooperators. Tilapia, bangus, tiger prawn, mud crab, shrimp and siganid are commonly raised and cultured.

About 91 hectares are used for other aquaculture activities like oyster, mussel and seaweeds culture.

The beaches and waters surrounding Port Sta. Ana up to Cape Engaño in Palaui Island offer a haven for fishing and scuba enthusiasts. This area is known for the prime fish catches of various species of tuna, tuna-like species, snappers and other fishes. The area is said to have the largest blue fin tuna catch in the entire country. This may be due to the fact that it is part of the Luzon Strait which is a known migratory path and feeding ground of tuna and other prime fishes.

Large-scale development of the fisheries industry, both for aquacapture and aquaculture, is one of the possible ventures for investors.

Minerals

Large deposits of both metallic and non-metallic mineral resources such as gold, copper, iron, magnetite sand, manganese, perlite, limestone, sulphur, gypsum, guano, silica, phosphate deposits, ceramic clay, bentonite clay, red burning clay, black sand, pebbles, sand and gravel are found in Cagayan.

Only few of these mineral reserves, however, are being mined, and are yet to be developed on commercial scales.

To date, there are various prominent mining companies undertaking exploration activities in the Province. Gold and copper explorations are being conducted in Claveria and Peñablanca. Limestone extractions in Gonzaga and Sta. Teresita and open-cut small-scale mining for manganese are also being undertaken in Barangays Dagupan and San Mariano of Lal-lo.

The only dominant mining activity in the Province is gravel and sand extraction. Large coal reserve whose quality is appropriate for power generation was discovered in Iguig and the exploration permit of the company involved is now converted to development permit.

Location

Cagayan occupies the northeastern tip of the Philippines, bounded bythe Batanes Islands on the north, thePhilippine Sea (Pacific Ocean) on the east, Isabela Province on the south, and the Cordillera mountain ranges on the west, Cagayan has a total land area of 9,002.70 sq. km. It is just about 480 kilometers north of Manila. It is strategically located near the growing tigers of South East Asia like Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, South Korea and even Hong Kong and Japan. It is about 2,730 kilometers south west of Tokyo, Japan or only 570 kilometers south of Kaoshiung, Taiwan.

Languages

English and Filipino are widely used and spoken in Cagayan. Predominant local languages are Ilocano, Ybanag, Ytawes and Malaueg. Pangasinense, Maranao and other dialects are also used in some areas where migrants abound.

Majority of the Cagayanos can speak at least two of the local languages and have good command, or at least a working knowledge, of the English language.

Land Area and Political Subdivision

The Province, the second largest province in the Region, comprises an aggregate land area of 9,002.70 square kilometers, which constitutes three percent (3%) of the total land area of the country.

It is politically subdivided into three (3) districts, one (1) component city, twenty-eight (28) municipalities and 820 barangays. Tuguegarao City is the provincial capital as well as the regional center of Cagayan Valley Region. Its 28 municipalities are Abulug, Amulung, Alcala, Allacapan, Aparri, Baggao, Ballesteros, Buguey, Calayan, Camalaniugan, Claveria, Enrile, Gattaran, Gonzaga, Iguig, Lallo, Lasam, Piat, Pamplona, Peñablanca, Rizal, Sta. Ana, Sta. Teresita, Sto. Niño, Sanchez Mira, Sta. Praxedes, Solana, and Tuao.

Labor & Employment

The Province’s manpower resources are more than adequate to meet the requirements for highly skilled and semi-skilled industrial and agricultural workers. There are at present 493,500 labor force, out of which 97% or 479,000 are gainfully employed; out of which, 330,000 are in agriculture and 149,000 are in nonagriculture sector.

The daily wage rate prevailing in the Province is P182.00 for non-agriculture and P170.00 for agriculture sector. The P182.00 daily wage rate also applies to cottage/handicraft enterprises, private hospitals and retail services.

The existence of 31 tertiary schools and 26 vocational schools offering technical education courses guarantee the continuing development and steady supply of manpower. Out of the thirty one tertiary schools, two (2) are private universities, namely: Saint Paul’s University and University of Saint Louis, both located in Tuguegarao City; and one(1) is a state university, the Cagayan State University, with seven campuses all over the Province.

History

ARCHEOLOGICAL FINDINGS dating back to the Paleolithic Age indicate that the ancestors of modern humans had settled in Cagayan as early as 500,000 years ago. Man may have followed large mammals into the valley in search of game. The Agtas were probably the first modern humans to populate the vast Cagayan Valley region, followed by various Malayo-Polynesian groups who settled in the Cagayan plains and established culturally similar but ethically distinct communities.

Spanish explorer Juan de Salcedo explored the coast of Cagayan in 1572 and found the people conducting trade with Chinese and Japanese merchants. In 1582, after driving away Japanese pirates who had settled along the Cagayan coast, the Spaniards decided to settle in Lallo, which they renamed Nueva Segovia. In 1595, Nueva Segovia became the seat of a diocese, which covered the entire northern Luzon.

The pacification and settlement of the Cagayan proceeded slowly because of the hostility of the natives who were indisposed to colonization. Christian evangelization began in 1596 with the arrival of Dominican missionaries in Cagayan. Revolts continued to rock the province and threatened to supplant the Spanish colonial government in the area. These revolts found a continuing reservoir of support from the unconverted highland peoples who continually harassed the Christian settlement of the valley.

In the late 18th century, Cagayan felt the full impact of the tobacco monopoly. Cultivation of tobacco, which was an important article of trade and consumption, was initially prohibited. Anti-monopoly revolts broke out in 1787 and many settlements near the highlands were abandoned by natives who wanted to continue cultivating tobacco. Ten years later, tobacco cultivation was allowed in the valley and Cagayan soon became the single largest source of the cash crop in the archipelago. Ilokano migration into the valley facilitated the expansion of agriculture in the region. By the middle of the 19th century, the great number of Ilokano settlers allowed the Iloko language to supplant Ybanag as the regional lingua franca.

Under the Spaniards, the whole northeastern part of the island of Luzon, plus some small islands in the Balintang Channel constituted a single province of Cagayan. In 1839 the southern half of the valley was formed into a politico-military district of Nueva Vizcaya. In 1856, parts of Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya were formed into the province of Isabela. Cagayan lost more territory with the formation of the partido of Itawes in 1889 and the comandancia of Apayao in 1890. The Americans delineated the present day limits of Cagayan in 1908.

In 1901, the United States Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 209 which in effect established the Provincial Government of Cagayan. In 1917, as contained in Act No. 2711, Cagayan was recognized as a grand division of the Philippine Islands. The province then comprised of 24 municipalities with Tuguegarao as its capital town.

During the Second World War, Japanese units landed in Aparri town a few days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941. The valley again figured prominently in the plans of Japanese forces to defend it as a secure line of retreat to Taiwan in 1945. Filipino guerillas and American forces from Ilocos formally drove the Japanese to the Cordilleras.

Climate

Cagayan, exemplifies tropical Philippines, thus, is generally warm, humid and sunny throughout the year. It has three types of climates. Type I climate prevails in Santa Praxedes and in western Claveria, which have two pronounced seasons: wet, May to October and dry, the rest of the year. Type III climate is experienced in the eastern part of the Sierra Madre mountains and in the Babuyan group of islands, where rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year mainly because of the northeast tradewinds. This further enhances the economic potential of the sea level lands along the pacific coast of the Province.

IThe rest of the province, which consists of the valley floor, has Type II climate, and that means no pronounced season; relatively wet from May to October. Maximum rain periods are not very pronounced and dry seasons last from one to three months.

From November to January, the northwest monsoon from East Asia brings dry and cool winds to this valley floor. Because of the open coastline in the north, this part of the province feels the full impact of this phenomenon, which could mean cold mornings and evenings, with average temperatures ranging from 18 to 21 degrees Celsius. The tradewinds from the Pacific are blocked by the Sierra Madre range. Being on the leeward, this part has hot and dry climate in summers from February to May, with average temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 degrees Celsius. From June to October, the southwest monsoon from the Southern Hemisphere brings heavy rainfall as it blows over the mountains. This heavy rainfall extends to the early part of November. During these months, rainy days could average 11 to 20 days a month. Being sheltered by the Sierra Madre Mountains the prevailing winds are north and northwest in the valley floor of Cagayan. This part of the province is driest in February to March.

City and Towns

English and Filipino are widely used and spoken in Cagayan. Predominant local languages are Ilocano, Ybanag, Ytawes and Malaueg. Pangasinense, Maranao and other dialects are also used in some areas where migrants abound.

Majority of the Cagayanos can speak at least two of the local languages and have good command, or at least a working knowledge, of the English language.

Cagayan Brief Profile

Cagayan is part of one of the largest valleys in the Philippines formed by the majestic Sierra Madre and Cordillera mountain ranges. It is traversed by the mighty 330-km long Cagayan River and its various tributaries.

Cagayan is a very ancient civilization. It has its distinct, rich and diverse culture. Commerce and trade was practiced by its inhabitants and has flourished with the Japanese, Chinese and other neighbor Asian countries even before the Spanish colonizers reached its shores. Archeological findings dating back to the Paleolithic Age indicate that the ancestors of modern humans had settled in Cagayan as early as 500,000 years ago. Archeologists also found evidences that agriculture has developed much earlier in Cagayan than in any other place in Asia. Its ancientness is evidenced by the presence of centuries-old churches and other religious relics, archeological sites of nomadic tribes, and richness of its local language and culture.

Cagayan with its ancientness is still replete with adventure and excitement. It can flaunt its pristine natural beauty and endowment. It has breathtaking sceneries, beaches, cavernous caves, thunderous falls, rapids, rivers, limestone mountains, thick and virgin forests, verdant valleys and many more.

Provincial Flag

The coat of arms shall nor be bound by an encircling band, but shall be drawn with bold outlines of black to better define its form against the background. Neither shall be the words Province of Cagayan: Official Seal”. (A flag is supposed to be an emblem, to portray a symbol; a pennant or a banner does not).

Province of Cagayan Official Seal

The coat of arms shall nor be bound by an encircling band, but shall be drawn with bold outlines of black to better define its form against the background. Neither shall be the words Province of Cagayan: Official Seal”. (A flag is supposed to be an emblem, to portray a symbol; a pennant or a banner does not).

People, Culture and the Arts

Due to the influx of Ilokano migrants in the last century, majority of the people of Cagayan speak Iloko as their primary tongue. Aside from the Ilokanos, there are several smaller ethnic groups that live in the province. The Ybanags are the dominant ethnic group in the vicinity of the provincial capital of Cagayan-—Tuguegarao, now a city. The closely related Itawits inhabit the Pinacanauan River valley as well as areas of Amulung and Tuao. The Malawegs are found mainly in the municipality of Rizal . In the foothills and the mountains of the Sierra Madre Range , several Negrito groups called the Agtas forage and hunt for food. The established lingua franca of the province is Ybanag.

The Ybanags, Itawits and Malawegs are mainly lowland farmers whose agricultural practices are similar to those of the Ilokanos. The Ybanags used to inhabit the area along the Cagayan coast but migrated further inland. They conducted trade with neighboring areas using distinctive seacrafts, and their commercial interests made their language the medium of commerce throughout the region before the influx of Ilokano migrants. They are also excellent blacksmiths and continue to make good bolos. The Ybanags are reputed to be the tallest of all the ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines.

The Itawits are almost indistinguishable from the Ybanags. They build their houses with separate kitchens, connected by a narrow walkway that is used as washing area for hands and feet. The Itawits are noted for their pottery and basket-weaving traditions.

The culture of Cagayan is showcased in museums, historical buildings and archeological sites spread across the province. In Solana, the Neolithic archeological sites in Lanna have yielded stone tools used as early as 20,000 years back. The Cabarruan jar burial site, also in the town, features ancient Filipino traditions of taking care of their dead. The Cagayan Museum is a repository of the province´s cultural heritage. Iron Age pottery, Chinese Ming and Sung dynasty porcelain pieces as well as Church paraphernalia are on display together with Paleolithic fossils. The oldest bell in the country, cast in 1592, still peals from the tower of the church in Camalaniugan. The old brick works in Tuguegarao lie inside the city and speak of a time when bricks were extensively used to build the beautiful churches of the Cagayan.

Ybanag Dialect: Potent Factor in Cagayan’s Evangelization

The Ybanag dialect was a very potent factor in the difficult and hazardous evangelization of the pagan and hostile inhabitants of the Cagayan Valley.

The evangelization and pacification of the valley were difficult because the communities found by the colonizers were far apart, separated by primeval spans of wild forests with crocodile-infested rivers to cross or along which the missionaries and soldiers had to travel. There were also the great calamities–epidemic, locust infestations, floods and earthquakes–which caused great difficulties and sufferings to the people, and though to us today the calamities were natural phenomena, the pagan natives blamed their occurences on the coming of the white people.

The early chronicles of Cagayan Valley , the natives, especially the Irrayas and Gaddangs, were fierce and warlike. This was so, apparently because living in separate communities, independent of each other, they cultivated fierce love for freedom. Thus, they resisted the abuses committed by the officials and their encomienderos, to the extent of rising a revolt–the history of the province tells of numerous and frequent insurrections in some of which the native rebels killed all the Spanish officials.

It was always the missionaries who consoled the natives in time of the calamities and who pacified them when they revolted, for the guns of the Spanish soldiers were futile against the fury which the natives displayed in defense of their rights and sense of freedom.

How did the missionaries accomplish their difficult and hazardous tasks and pacification?

Mainly, because they and only they among the Spaniards, learned the Ybanag and, fired by their zeal to spread the Catholic faith, unmindful of the difficulties and dangers, they penetrated even the farthest native communities, and taught the Ybanag to the non-Ybanag speaking natives.

It should be remembered that at the time of the coming of the Spaniards, there were dialects spoken in the Cagayan Valley as there were distinct tribes. The pure Ybanag was spoken only from Masi or Pamplona to Gattaran.

In the Itawes district, composed of Piat, Tuao, Malaweg and Santa Cruz de gumpat, the Itawes dialect was generally spoken, with Cammang, Bayambanan, Malaweg, Nabayugan, Apayao and Aeta spoken by the respective tribes.

In the south district, the territory from Nassiping to Fural, a barrio of Gamu (Isabela), the spoken dialects were the Irraya, Gaddang, Iyogad, Catalagan, Dadayag, Aripa and Aeta. In general, Irraya was spoken from Tuguegarao, to Ilagan; the Gaddang from Reina Mercedes (Isabela) to Bayombong (Nueva Vizcaya); the Iyogad was the dialect in the plains of Diffun (Quirino) toward the Cagayan River; and in the towns of Dupax, Bambang and Aritao in Nueva Vizcaya, the Isinay and Ilongote were spoken.

In 1581, after he drove away the Japanese marauding the communities on both sides of the mouth of the Cagayan River, Captain Juan Pablo Carrion sailed to Lallo and founded there the Mission of Nueva Segovia which became the springboard of the missionaries in their evangelization of the valley and also the seat of the civil government was established in 1583.

The missionaries, on starting their evangelization work in the territory from Masi to Gattaran, had to learn the spoken dialect, Ybanag, in which they had to preach. They wrote cartillas, catechisms, and prayer books in this dialect. When they and the other missionaries were sent to the non-Ybanag speaking communities, they taught the dialect far and wide.

For example, when Beato, Fr. Luis Flores and R.P. Fr. Francisco Manego were sent to Pilitan, a place near Isabela, they were ordered to make their parishioners learn Ybanag.

In 1725, Fr. Jose Herrera extended the order to Bayombong. In this order, Fr. Herrera said, “I also order that all religious missionaries of Paniqui study Ybanag and see to it that the boys and girls recite all the prayers in Ybanag, and to those who come down from the mountains and who will be converted to our Holy Catholic faith, they should know the mysteries to be able to receive the waters of baptism, in the same language, so that in the course of time everybody will speak the Ybanag dialect.”

Finally, toward 1876, the R.R. Fr. Ruperto Alarcon made it obligatory from Aparri to Carig. He transferred to Buguey a priest who was opposed to the idea.

In the closing years of the nineteenth century, Ybanag was spoken from the coastal towns of Cagayan to Bayombong, except among some tribes in the Itawes region and in Nueva Viscaya who, through the centuries, successfully evaded being christianized. Up to the third decade of the present century, only Ybanag was spoken in the problacions of Tuguegarao, Peñablanca and Solana, in Cagayan, and in San Pablo , Cabagan, Tumauini, and Ilagan in Isabela.

In Tuguegarao, a bilingual (Spanish-Ybanag) weekly newspaper, the Verdad, was published by Honorario Lasam, and later, another bilingual (English-Ybanag), La Sinseridad, was published by Antonio Carag and edited by Jose Carag. Good writers in Ybanag wrote in these newspapers. In the Verdad, Servando Liban maintained a lively, satirical column under his pen name,Allibut; and in Sinderidad, Agustin Saquing serialized in epic poem form the story of “Charlemagne and His Twelve Peers.” Ybanag zarsuelas, dramas, poems and essays were common.

It was thus that the Ybanag known and spoken only from Pamplona to Gattaran on the arrival of the Spaniards late in the 16th century became the language generally spoken throughout the Cagayan Valley . Thanks to the zeal of the Dominican and Agustinian missionaries. The Ybanag was the potent instrument with which they successfully christianized the pagan natives through the long, almost 400 years of Spanish colonial regime.

Ybanag Folk Literature

Ybanag folk literature, like any other literature, is the expression of Cagayano’s joys and sorrows, hopes and fears, love and hatred, the very ingredients that whipped up all the literary genre handed down to us.

The Ybanags, like any other groups of people, meet life in all its naked conflicts: man versus man; man versus environment or society; man versus himself; man versus his conscience, nay, man versus his God.

All these conflicts, since the glorious days of Ybanag legendary heroes, Biuag and Malana, and since the heroic times of Magalad and Dayag, have brought enmity, disunity, divisiveness, lust for wealth and self, and to use the words of a sociologist, ethnic violence and suicide.

This in the span of some five hundred years, Ybanag folk literary, and Ybanag balladeer, verzista, the Ybanag minstrel, rural folk and countryside mystics composed and handed down volumes of folk literature advocating love, peace, justice, honesty, unity, morality, reconciliation and betterment of life style.

Ybanag folk literature is didactic, moralistic, predominantly sentimental, romantic, socialistic, comic and spiritual–all aimed at uniting the Cagayanos, brave like the kasi or wild cock that challenges them to greatness at sunrise; mission-oriented like the Bannag on whose banks their forebears were rooted; graceful as the bamboo that bends in the winds of challenges; sturdy as the Manga in the typhoons of controversies.

Cagayan Epic: Biuag and Malana

Biuag was from Enrile, the southern most part of Cagayan. When he was born, his mother was visited by an exceptionally beautiful woman who silently admired the baby. When it dawned on the child’s mother that her visitor was a goddess, she knelt and implored her child with long life.

The goddess made no reply. Instead, she placed three small stones around the neck of the baby where one stone protected him from any bodily harm. When he was big enough to swim across the wide river, the crocodiles created a path for him. The other two stones gave him supernatural powers and prowess. He could go faster than the wind. He could throw easily a carabao across the hills when he was only at the age of twelve. He could uproot a big beetle nut as if it were a wood. On account of this display of extraordinary strength, people from far and wide places came to see him.

Despite all these powers, Biuag seemed troubled and unhappy. In the town of Tuao , he fell in love with a young lady with unsurpassed beauty. No one could tell where this lady came from nor could anyone say who this lady was. Biuag wanted to find her. His waking hours were thoughts of her.

There was another young man from Malaueg, called Malana who was gifted with powers similar to that of Biuag. When Malana was eighteen, a devastating typhoon destroyed all the crops of Malaueg. The people were in grip of appalling famine. Their only hope of starving off came from a very distant place, Sto. Niño. It was very difficult and dangerous to journey the place, because the river to cross was wide and full of crocodiles. Malana understood the hazards of the journey but finally volunteered to take the journey. He loaded cavans of palay to seven bamboo rafts.

People, Culture and the Arts

Due to the influx of Ilokano migrants in the last century, majority of the people of Cagayan speak Iloko as their primary tongue. Aside from the Ilokanos, there are several smaller ethnic groups that live in the province. The Ybanags are the dominant ethnic group in the vicinity of the provincial capital of Cagayan-—Tuguegarao, now a city. The closely related Itawits inhabit the Pinacanauan River valley as well as areas of Amulung and Tuao. The Malawegs are found mainly in the municipality of Rizal . In the foothills and the mountains of the Sierra Madre Range , several Negrito groups called the Agtas forage and hunt for food. The established lingua franca of the province is Ybanag.

The Ybanags, Itawits and Malawegs are mainly lowland farmers whose agricultural practices are similar to those of the Ilokanos. The Ybanags used to inhabit the area along the Cagayan coast but migrated further inland. They conducted trade with neighboring areas using distinctive seacrafts, and their commercial interests made their language the medium of commerce throughout the region before the influx of Ilokano migrants. They are also excellent blacksmiths and continue to make good bolos. The Ybanags are reputed to be the tallest of all the ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines.

The Itawits are almost indistinguishable from the Ybanags. They build their houses with separate kitchens, connected by a narrow walkway that is used as washing area for hands and feet. The Itawits are noted for their pottery and basket-weaving traditions.

The culture of Cagayan is showcased in museums, historical buildings and archeological sites spread across the province. In Solana, the Neolithic archeological sites in Lanna have yielded stone tools used as early as 20,000 years back. The Cabarruan jar burial site, also in the town, features ancient Filipino traditions of taking care of their dead. The Cagayan Museum is a repository of the province´s cultural heritage. Iron Age pottery, Chinese Ming and Sung dynasty porcelain pieces as well as Church paraphernalia are on display together with Paleolithic fossils. The oldest bell in the country, cast in 1592, still peals from the tower of the church in Camalaniugan. The old brick works in Tuguegarao lie inside the city and speak of a time when bricks were extensively used to build the beautiful churches of the Cagayan.

Ybanag Dialect: Potent Factor in Cagayan’s Evangelization

The Ybanag dialect was a very potent factor in the difficult and hazardous evangelization of the pagan and hostile inhabitants of the Cagayan Valley.

The evangelization and pacification of the valley were difficult because the communities found by the colonizers were far apart, separated by primeval spans of wild forests with crocodile-infested rivers to cross or along which the missionaries and soldiers had to travel. There were also the great calamities–epidemic, locust infestations, floods and earthquakes–which caused great difficulties and sufferings to the people, and though to us today the calamities were natural phenomena, the pagan natives blamed their occurences on the coming of the white people.

The early chronicles of Cagayan Valley , the natives, especially the Irrayas and Gaddangs, were fierce and warlike. This was so, apparently because living in separate communities, independent of each other, they cultivated fierce love for freedom. Thus, they resisted the abuses committed by the officials and their encomienderos, to the extent of rising a revolt–the history of the province tells of numerous and frequent insurrections in some of which the native rebels killed all the Spanish officials.

It was always the missionaries who consoled the natives in time of the calamities and who pacified them when they revolted, for the guns of the Spanish soldiers were futile against the fury which the natives displayed in defense of their rights and sense of freedom.

How did the missionaries accomplish their difficult and hazardous tasks and pacification?

Mainly, because they and only they among the Spaniards, learned the Ybanag and, fired by their zeal to spread the Catholic faith, unmindful of the difficulties and dangers, they penetrated even the farthest native communities, and taught the Ybanag to the non-Ybanag speaking natives.

It should be remembered that at the time of the coming of the Spaniards, there were dialects spoken in the Cagayan Valley as there were distinct tribes. The pure Ybanag was spoken only from Masi or Pamplona to Gattaran.

In the Itawes district, composed of Piat, Tuao, Malaweg and Santa Cruz de gumpat, the Itawes dialect was generally spoken, with Cammang, Bayambanan, Malaweg, Nabayugan, Apayao and Aeta spoken by the respective tribes.

In the south district, the territory from Nassiping to Fural, a barrio of Gamu (Isabela), the spoken dialects were the Irraya, Gaddang, Iyogad, Catalagan, Dadayag, Aripa and Aeta. In general, Irraya was spoken from Tuguegarao, to Ilagan; the Gaddang from Reina Mercedes (Isabela) to Bayombong (Nueva Vizcaya); the Iyogad was the dialect in the plains of Diffun (Quirino) toward the Cagayan River; and in the towns of Dupax, Bambang and Aritao in Nueva Vizcaya, the Isinay and Ilongote were spoken.

In 1581, after he drove away the Japanese marauding the communities on both sides of the mouth of the Cagayan River, Captain Juan Pablo Carrion sailed to Lallo and founded there the Mission of Nueva Segovia which became the springboard of the missionaries in their evangelization of the valley and also the seat of the civil government was established in 1583.

The missionaries, on starting their evangelization work in the territory from Masi to Gattaran, had to learn the spoken dialect, Ybanag, in which they had to preach. They wrote cartillas, catechisms, and prayer books in this dialect. When they and the other missionaries were sent to the non-Ybanag speaking communities, they taught the dialect far and wide.

For example, when Beato, Fr. Luis Flores and R.P. Fr. Francisco Manego were sent to Pilitan, a place near Isabela, they were ordered to make their parishioners learn Ybanag.

In 1725, Fr. Jose Herrera extended the order to Bayombong. In this order, Fr. Herrera said, “I also order that all religious missionaries of Paniqui study Ybanag and see to it that the boys and girls recite all the prayers in Ybanag, and to those who come down from the mountains and who will be converted to our Holy Catholic faith, they should know the mysteries to be able to receive the waters of baptism, in the same language, so that in the course of time everybody will speak the Ybanag dialect.”

Finally, toward 1876, the R.R. Fr. Ruperto Alarcon made it obligatory from Aparri to Carig. He transferred to Buguey a priest who was opposed to the idea.

In the closing years of the nineteenth century, Ybanag was spoken from the coastal towns of Cagayan to Bayombong, except among some tribes in the Itawes region and in Nueva Viscaya who, through the centuries, successfully evaded being christianized. Up to the third decade of the present century, only Ybanag was spoken in the problacions of Tuguegarao, Peñablanca and Solana, in Cagayan, and in San Pablo , Cabagan, Tumauini, and Ilagan in Isabela.

In Tuguegarao, a bilingual (Spanish-Ybanag) weekly newspaper, the Verdad, was published by Honorario Lasam, and later, another bilingual (English-Ybanag), La Sinseridad, was published by Antonio Carag and edited by Jose Carag. Good writers in Ybanag wrote in these newspapers. In the Verdad, Servando Liban maintained a lively, satirical column under his pen name,Allibut; and in Sinderidad, Agustin Saquing serialized in epic poem form the story of “Charlemagne and His Twelve Peers.” Ybanag zarsuelas, dramas, poems and essays were common.

It was thus that the Ybanag known and spoken only from Pamplona to Gattaran on the arrival of the Spaniards late in the 16th century became the language generally spoken throughout the Cagayan Valley . Thanks to the zeal of the Dominican and Agustinian missionaries. The Ybanag was the potent instrument with which they successfully christianized the pagan natives through the long, almost 400 years of Spanish colonial regime.

Ybanag Folk Literature

Ybanag folk literature, like any other literature, is the expression of Cagayano’s joys and sorrows, hopes and fears, love and hatred, the very ingredients that whipped up all the literary genre handed down to us.

The Ybanags, like any other groups of people, meet life in all its naked conflicts: man versus man; man versus environment or society; man versus himself; man versus his conscience, nay, man versus his God.

All these conflicts, since the glorious days of Ybanag legendary heroes, Biuag and Malana, and since the heroic times of Magalad and Dayag, have brought enmity, disunity, divisiveness, lust for wealth and self, and to use the words of a sociologist, ethnic violence and suicide.

This in the span of some five hundred years, Ybanag folk literary, and Ybanag balladeer, verzista, the Ybanag minstrel, rural folk and countryside mystics composed and handed down volumes of folk literature advocating love, peace, justice, honesty, unity, morality, reconciliation and betterment of life style.

Ybanag folk literature is didactic, moralistic, predominantly sentimental, romantic, socialistic, comic and spiritual–all aimed at uniting the Cagayanos, brave like the kasi or wild cock that challenges them to greatness at sunrise; mission-oriented like the Bannag on whose banks their forebears were rooted; graceful as the bamboo that bends in the winds of challenges; sturdy as the Manga in the typhoons of controversies.

Cagayan Epic: Biuag and Malana

Biuag was from Enrile, the southern most part of Cagayan. When he was born, his mother was visited by an exceptionally beautiful woman who silently admired the baby. When it dawned on the child’s mother that her visitor was a goddess, she knelt and implored her child with long life.

The goddess made no reply. Instead, she placed three small stones around the neck of the baby where one stone protected him from any bodily harm. When he was big enough to swim across the wide river, the crocodiles created a path for him. The other two stones gave him supernatural powers and prowess. He could go faster than the wind. He could throw easily a carabao across the hills when he was only at the age of twelve. He could uproot a big beetle nut as if it were a wood. On account of this display of extraordinary strength, people from far and wide places came to see him.

Despite all these powers, Biuag seemed troubled and unhappy. In the town of Tuao , he fell in love with a young lady with unsurpassed beauty. No one could tell where this lady came from nor could anyone say who this lady was. Biuag wanted to find her. His waking hours were thoughts of her.

There was another young man from Malaueg, called Malana who was gifted with powers similar to that of Biuag. When Malana was eighteen, a devastating typhoon destroyed all the crops of Malaueg. The people were in grip of appalling famine. Their only hope of starving off came from a very distant place, Sto. Niño. It was very difficult and dangerous to journey the place, because the river to cross was wide and full of crocodiles. Malana understood the hazards of the journey but finally volunteered to take the journey. He loaded cavans of palay to seven bamboo rafts.

Provincial Flag

The coat of arms shall nor be bound by an encircling band, but shall be drawn with bold outlines of black to better define its form against the background. Neither shall be the words Province of Cagayan: Official Seal”. (A flag is supposed to be an emblem, to portray a symbol; a pennant or a banner does not).

Province of Cagayan Official Seal

The coat of arms shall nor be bound by an encircling band, but shall be drawn with bold outlines of black to better define its form against the background. Neither shall be the words Province of Cagayan: Official Seal”. (A flag is supposed to be an emblem, to portray a symbol; a pennant or a banner does not).

The Province of Cagayan is the home of many ethnic groups.

Majority of the households are “Ilocanos” which constitutes 68.40% of the total populace. The natives of Cagayan which are the “Ibanags”, “Itawes”, and “Malawegs” contitute 17.30%, 8.9%, and 1.40%, respectively. Migrant “Tagalogs” constitutes 2.60% and “Ifugaos”, “Kalingas”, “Pampangos”, “Cebuanos”, “Pangasinenses”, “Ilongos”, “Bicolanos”, and others constitute the remaining 1.4% of the populace.